James Zogby

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Gaza: personne n'a retenu la leçon

Publication: 19/11/2012 11:25

GAZA - L'escalade de violences entre Israël et Gaza devrait nous rappeler les vieilles leçons qui restent à retenir et des nouvelles réalités qui doivent être prises en compte.

Tout d'abord, parmi les vieilles leçons, figure le fait que les vagues successives de violences qui ont caractérisé l'histoire du conflit israélo-palestinien n'ont rien produit d'autre que plus de morts et de destructions, plus de souffrances et d'insécurité, et plus de colère de part et d'autres.

Chaque attaque ou assaut qui a été lancé dans le but "de donner une leçon" ou de "riposter à une attaque" n'a servi qu'à justifier l'attaque suivante. Et cela dure depuis des décennies.

La leçon qui aurait dû être retenue et qui ne l'a pas été apparemment, est que la violence ne mettra pas un terme à l'occupation, comme elle ne mettra pas un terme à la résistance contre l'occupation.

LIRE AUSSI:
Gaza: les dernières évolutions du conflit israélo-palestinien

On peut seulement se demander si lorsque Israël a décidé d'abattre Ahmed Jaabari, elle était assez folle pour croire que cet attentat mettrait fin au conflit.

Pour avoir déjà emprunté ce chemin, où les assassinats n'ont seulement conduit qu'à une escalade de violences, puis à une violence généralisée, on aurait pu espérer que quelqu'un dans le haut commandement d'Israël aurait rappelé 2008 ou 2006 (ou tant d'autres épisodes sanglants et tragiques du passé) et prévenu que "rien de bon ne viendra de cela".

Quand j'ai entendu l'ambassadeur israélien déclarer ce soir que "nous devons en finir avec eux, ainsi nous pourrons nous asseoir avec les modérés et enfin évoquer la paix", j'ai compris que personne n'avait retenu la leçon.

Des journalistes israéliens plus cyniques ont spéculé que le gouvernement Netanyahu cherchait la bagarre pour faire une démonstration de force préélectorale, qui mettrait sur la touche les partis d'opposition deux moins avant le scrutin.

Si les Israéliens font de tels calculs politiques sans scrupules, on peut se poser de sérieuses questions sur leur équipe dirigeante. On peut d'ailleurs faire remarquer que lorsque le gouvernement d'Israël a fait ce même genre de calculs par le passé, il a au contraire souvent perdu un important soutien électoral. D'un autre côté, si Netanyahu & Co voulaient juste donner une leçon au Hamas & Co, on peut s'interroger encore plus sérieusement sur leur capacité de jugement.

La même observation peut être faite du côté palestinien.

A quel moment vont-ils comprendre que la vengeance n'est pas une stratégie et que lancer sur Israël une pluie de missiles sans cible particulière n'est qu'un acte stupide et criminel? Criminel parce qu'il peut conduire à la mort d'innocents, et stupide parce qu'il donne à Israël le prétexte d'y répondre par un déferlement de forces disproportionnées. Alors que cela s'est déjà produit tant de fois par le passé, on ne peut que se demander pourquoi la leçon n'a pas été retenue.

Il y a de nombreuses spéculations dans les médias arabes concernant les plans du Hamas et sa compétition avec d'autre groupes à Gaza.

Depuis qu'il a gagné les élections il y a plus de cinq ans, le Hamas doit choisir entre essayer de gouverner, ou continuer à agir comme un groupe de "résistance". Durant une courte période, il a semblé qu'il était prêt à se comporter comme une autorité responsable, essayant de contrôler les attaques transfrontalières et organisant avec l'aide du Qatar un grand effort de reconstruction de Gaza.

Mais cette phase fut de courte durée. Après l'assassinat de Jaabari, le Hamas a mordu à l'hameçon israélienne et mettant en péril ses avancées, il a commencé à agir comme n'importe quel groupe armée. La leçon n'a pas été retenue.

Le monde entier doit aussi tirer une leçon de tout cela -à savoir qu'il n'est pas avisé de faire une croix sur la Palestine.

Au moins une fois tous les dix ans, les experts et les hommes politiques considèrent la question palestinienne comme condamnée, suggérant que la région est passée à autre chose et qu'elle est désormais focalisée sur "de plus grands sujets". C'est en réalité le vœu le plus cher des Israéliens.

Netanyahu a passé la plus grande partie de ces quatre dernières années à faire capoter les efforts de paix entre Israël et Palestine, cherchant à placer l'Iran en priorité de l'agenda des Etats-Unis. Ajoutez à cela le Printemps Arabequi a bouleversé l'ancien équilibre de la région et la cacophonie sanglante qu'est devenue la Syrie, et on dirait que la Palestine a disparu des préoccupations.

Le monde arabe a certes bien d'autres chats à fouetter et la région est instable, mais c'est si souvent le cas qu'en un instant, la Palestine revient au premier plan. C'est d'ailleurs aussi une vieille leçon: ne jamais imaginer que ce qui arrive en Palestine se limitera à la Palestine. Pour des raisons historiques et culturelles, quand les Palestiniens sont blessés, ce sont les Arabes qui saignent. La Palestine, pour les Arabes, reste "une blessure au cœur qui ne s'est jamais refermée".

C'est une vieille leçon, mais avec un nouveau tournant.

Par le passé, quand Israël obtenait gain de cause avec les Palestiniens (ou avec le Liban comme en 2006 ou durant les années 1990), malgré l'indignation générale, les chefs arabes ne s'en mêlaient pas.

Mais suite au Printemps Arabe, l'opinion du peuple arabe a désormais de l'importance. Les gouvernements, anciens et nouveaux, écoutent le peuple et réagissent plus aux clameurs de la rue. Si Israël cherchait à reproduire 2008/2009 et entreprenait de lancer un assaut terrestre massif, le nouveau gouvernement égyptien aurait du mal à rester silencieux car sa propre légitimité serait alors en jeu. La Jordanie, faisant face à un mécontentement public grandissant, serait aussi compromise.

L'escalade de violences mettrait même l'administration Obama dans le pétrin.

Essayant toujours de réparer les bourdes dévastatrices des années Bush et les contretemps venus de son propre échec à établir la paix entre Israël et la Palestine, la dernière chose dont l'Administration a besoin est un bain de sang à Gaza qui enflammerait toute la région.

Dans une certaine mesure, Washington a déjà établi son agenda à court terme pour le Moyen-Orient.

Washington a paru prêt à renouveler ses efforts avec l'Iran pour trouver un arrangement concernant le programme d'enrichissement nucléaire du pays. Et ayant œuvré avec succès avec les alliés de la région à reconstruire l'opposition syrienne, en créant un corps plus représentatif pouvant alors recevoir de l'aide, les Etats-Unis et ses partenaires étaient prêts à essayer d'accélérer la fin du conflit.

Ces plans capoteraient si les affrontements à Gaza devaient échapper à tout contrôle, des Etats-Unis qui se mettraient alors clairement du côté d'Israël, s'aliénant ainsi l'opinion publique arabe.

Ici encore, une vieille leçon qui mérite d'être rappelée: une administration n'est pas jugée sur sa capacité à mettre en œuvre l'agenda qu'elle a mis en place elle-même, mais sur sa façon de réussir à gérer ce qu'elle n'a pas prévu.

Puisque personne ne va gagner et que tout le monde va perdre, on peut imaginer que le bon sens l'emportera et que les affrontements actuels s'arrêteront, faute de généralisation du combat.

Mais considérant le passé des participants, c'est peut-être faire preuve de trop d'espoir. Avec les Israéliens menaçant d'une nouvelle autre confrontation "décisive"; des groupes palestiniens menaçant de "grandes surprises" encore à venir; et un congrès américain donnant son soutien inconditionnel à Israël, contredisant ainsi l'administration qui soutient de façon plus réservée le droit à la légitime défense, mais appelle aussi à un cessez-le-feu général, il semblerait que nous soyons "repartis" -sans avoir retenu une leçon du passé et en ignorant les nouvelles réalités.

Que Dieu nous sauve de notre folie.

Les images du conflit compilées par nos collègues américains. Attention, certaines photos peuvent choquer.


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  • Zaka volunteers and rescue personnel carry the plastic wrapped body of a victim from an apartment building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • The parents of 11 month-old Palestinian baby Ahmed Masharawi, killed in an Israeli strike, hold his body during his funeral in Gaza City, Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • People run to a safe place, as siren sounds warn for incoming rockets from the Gaza Strip, near the building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • Blood stains on a shoe and on a shirt in apartment in a building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • A Zaka volunteers clean blood stains from a children's room in an apartment in a building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • Zaka volunteers clean blood stains from a children's room in apartment building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • Zaka volunteers clean blood stains from a pillow and a baby toy in a children's room in apartment building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli Zaka emergency services volunteers clean human remains from a house hit by a rocket fired by Palestinian militants killing 3 people in southern city of Kiryat Malahi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli Zaka emergency services volunteers wheel the body of an Israeli killed when a house was hit by a rocket fired by Palestinian militants into an ambulance in the southern Israeli city of Kiryat Malahi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli Zaka emergency services volunteers clean human remains from a house hit by a rocket fired by Palestinian militants killing 3 people in southern city of Kiryat Malahi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike in the northern Gaza Strip, seen from the Israel Gaza Border, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli Zaka emergency services volunteers carry out a dead body from a house hit by a rocket fired by Palestinian militants killing 3 people in southern city of Kiryat Malahi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/DAVID BUIMOVITCH (Photo credit should read DAVID BUIMOVITCH/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    An Israeli reacts after a rocket launched from Gaza strip hit a building killing 3 people in the city of Kiryat Malachi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/DAVID BUIMOVITCH (Photo credit should read DAVID BUIMOVITCH/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian medics carry a wounded man into the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian medics carry a wounded baby into the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian men evacuate an elderly woman following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012 in Gaza City. A top Hamas commander was among seven people killed in more than 20 Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, as Israel began an operation targeting militant groups. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Jihad Masharawi

    Jihad Masharawi weeps while he holds the body of his 11-month old son Ahmad, at Shifa hospital following an Israeli air strike on their family house, in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. The Israeli military said its assassination of the Hamas military commander Ahmed Jabari, marks the beginning of an operation against Gaza militants. (Picture EYEVINE)

  • Jihad Masharawi weeps while he holds the body of his 11-month old son Ahmad, at Shifa hospital following an Israeli air strike on their family house, in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. The Israeli military said its assassination of the Hamas military commander Ahmed Jabari, marks the beginning of an operation against Gaza militants. (AP Photo/Majed Hamdan)

  • A Palestinian boy holds a window pane taken from a damaged house hit in an Israeli strike, in Gaza City, Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Israeli aircraft, tanks and naval gunboats pounded the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip and rocket salvoes thudded into southern Israel, as residents on both sides of the frontier holed up at home in anticipation of heavy fighting on the second day of Israel's offensive against Islamic militants. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • A Palestinian youth walks through a damaged apartment hit in an Israeli strike, in Gaza City ,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Israeli aircraft, tanks and naval gunboats pounded the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip and rocket salvoes thudded into southern Israel, as residents on both sides of the frontier holed up at home in anticipation of heavy fighting on the second day of Israel's offensive against Islamic militants. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian youths evacuate an elderly man following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012 in Gaza City. A top Hamas commander was among seven people killed in more than 20 Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, as Israel began an operation targeting militant groups. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike on a house in Gaza City, on November 14, 2012. Israel killed a top Hamas military commander in a targeted strike in Gaza , prompting outrage from militants who said the Jewish state had opened 'the gates of hell.' AFP PHOTO/HOSAM SALEM (Photo credit should read HOSAM SALEM/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian medics wheel a wounded man into the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike on a house in Gaza City, on November 14, 2012. Israel killed a top Hamas military commander in a targeted strike in Gaza , prompting outrage from militants who said the Jewish state had opened 'the gates of hell.' AFP PHOTO/HOSAM SALEM (Photo credit should read HOSAM SALEM/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian civilians leave their houses following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012 in Gaza City. A top Hamas commander was among seven people killed in more than 20 Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, as Israel began an operation targeting militant groups. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinian firefighters extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinians extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian medics wheel a wounded boy into the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinian firefighters extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinians extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinians extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    GRAPHIC CONTENT Palestinian security forces wheel into a hospital the body of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after the car he was riding was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    GRAPHIC CONTENT Palestinian men carry the body of baby to the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on 14 November 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinian youths look inside a building where the body of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, was brought to after the car he was riding was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. An Israeli air strike killed the senior Hamas military commander in Gaza City, prompting a furious response from militants who said it had opened 'the gates of hell.' AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinian men react as security forces wheel into a hospital the body of Ahmaed Jaabari (unseen), head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after the car he was riding was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. An Israeli air strike killed the senior Hamas military commander in Gaza City, prompting a furious response from militants who said it had opened 'the gates of hell.' AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A Palestinian youth walks amid destruction following an Israeli air strike on a residential neighbourhood in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows Gaza City in the early hours of the morning with what appears to be warning statements released by Israeli military planes on November 15, 2012. The UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions between Israel and the Palestinian territory of Gaza after Israel carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on Gaza, killing the military commander for Hamas, which controls the territory. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike on the northern Gaza Strip on November 15, 2012. Israel continued its airstrikes on Gaza in the early morning in an operation which started on November 14 with the killing of top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA

    Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike on the northern Gaza Strip on November 15, 2012. Israel continued its airstrikes on Gaza in the early morning in an operation which started on November 14 with the killing of top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinians inspect an area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows a crater at a sport targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows destruction in a residential area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinians inspect a destroyed building in an area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A picture taken from the southern Israeli town of Sderot shows smoke billowing from a spot targeted by an Israeli air strike inside the Gaza strip on November 15, 2012. The UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions between Israel and Gaza after Israel carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas, which controls the territory. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows a crater at a sport targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinians inspect a destroyed building in an area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows destruction in a residential area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A picture taken from the southern Israeli town of Sderot shows an Israeli air force A-4N Skyhawk dropping a bomb over the Gaza strip on November 15, 2012. The UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions between Israel and Gaza after Israel carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas, which controls the territory. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A picture taken from the southern Israeli town of Sderot shows smoke billowing from a spot targeted by an Israeli air strike inside the Gaza strip on November 15, 2012. Rockets were launched by Palestinian militants in Gaza into Israel amid a vast Israeli operation against Gaza militants which began on November 14 with the killing of a top Hamas chief along with ten other Palestinians. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinians inspect an area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A Palestinian man sits amid the rubble in his bombed house following an Israeli air strike on Gaza City on November 15, 2012. The UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions between Israel and Gaza after Israel carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas, which controls the territory. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)




Les photos des funérailles d'Ahmad Jaabari


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  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT-FUNERAL

    Palestinian mourners carry the body of Ahmad Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, during his funeral in Gaza City, on November 15, 2012. Tensions between Israel and Gaza have sparked a furious response from Egypt's Islamist administration, which has close ties with the Palestinian territory's ruling Hamas movement, with Cairo recalling its ambassador in protest at Israel's killing of Jaabari on November 14. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT-FUNERAL

    GRAPHIC CONTENT Palestinians carry the body of Ahmad Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, during his funeral in Gaza City, on November 15, 2012. The violence sparked a furious response from Egypt's Islamist administration, which has close ties with Gaza's ruling Hamas movement, with Cairo recalling its ambassador in protest at Israel's killing of Hamas military chief Ahmed Jaabari. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT-FUNERAL

    Palestinian mourners carry the body of Ahmad Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, during his funeral in Gaza City, on November 15, 2012. Tensions between Israel and Gaza have sparked a furious response from Egypt's Islamist administration, which has close ties with the Palestinian territory's ruling Hamas movement, with Cairo recalling its ambassador in protest at Israel's killing of Jaabari on November 14. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT-FUNERAL

    Palestinians carry the body of Ahmad Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, during his funeral in Gaza City, on November 15, 2012. Tensions between Israel and Gaza have sparked a furious response from Egypt's Islamist administration, which has close ties with the Palestinian territory's ruling Hamas movement, with Cairo recalling its ambassador in protest at Israel's killing of Jaabari on November 14. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT-FUNERAL

    Palestinian mourners carry the body of Ahmad Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, during his funeral in Gaza City, on November 15, 2012. Tensions between Israel and Gaza have sparked a furious response from Egypt's Islamist administration, which has close ties with the Palestinian territory's ruling Hamas movement, with Cairo recalling its ambassador in protest at Israel's killing of Jaabari on November 14. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT-FUNERAL

    GRAPHIC CONTENT Palestinians carry the body of Ahmad Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, during his funeral in Gaza City, on November 15, 2012. The violence sparked a furious response from Egypt's Islamist administration, which has close ties with Gaza's ruling Hamas movement, with Cairo recalling its ambassador in protest at Israel's killing of Hamas military chief Ahmed Jaabari. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT-FUNERAL

    GRAPHIC CONTENT Palestinian mourners carry the body of Ahmad Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, during his funeral in Gaza City, on November 15, 2012. Tensions between Israel and Gaza have sparked a furious response from Egypt's Islamist administration, which has close ties with the Palestinian territory's ruling Hamas movement, with Cairo recalling its ambassador in protest at Israel's killing of Jaabari on November 14. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT-FUNERAL

    GRAPHIC CONTENT Palestinians carry the body of Ahmad Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, during his funeral in Gaza City, on November 15, 2012. The violence sparked a furious response from Egypt's Islamist administration, which has close ties with Gaza's ruling Hamas movement, with Cairo recalling its ambassador in protest at Israel's killing of Hamas military chief Ahmed Jaabari. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)



 

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