Grégory Kudish

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Comment expliquer la «popularité» du conflit israélo-palestinien?

Publication: 24/07/2013 23:37

Que penser du conflit israélo-palestinien? Cette question revient sur la scène publique dès qu'une confrontation quelconque se produit entre Israéliens et Palestiniens. Même si ce pays représente, avec ses huit millions d'habitants, une infime fraction de la population de la région du Moyen-Orient (385 millions), tout le monde semble avoir une opinion sur Israël et sur le conflit israélo-palestinien.

Demandez aux gens ce qu'ils pensent de l'Arabie saoudite, de la Turquie, du Liban, de la Jordanie, du Yémen ou des Émirats arabes unis : à part quelques «branchés» sur ces pays, la plupart des gens dans les pays occidentaux ne semblent pas se préoccuper d'eux. À l'échelle planétaire, le conflit israélo-palestinien semble attirer l'attention du grand public plus que tout autre conflit. En effet, des conflits bien plus meurtriers que celui opposant Israël à la Palestine, tels que le conflit inter-soudanais, les guerres civiles en Somalie, en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) ou au Darfour soulèvent rarement l'indignation du public. Comment expliquer la forte attention accordée à Israël par les populations des pays occidentaux? J'analyse ici le rôle d'un acteur important dans cette hyper-attention accordée au conflit israélo-palestinien : les médias.

Analyse comparée de la couverture médiatique du conflit israélo-palestinien

Dans le cadre de mon étude, j'ai sélectionné quatre cas de confrontation entre Israël et la Palestine: l'Opération Pluies d'été (28 juin - 26 novembre 2006), la Guerre de Gaza (27 décembre 2008 - 18 janvier 2009), la Confrontation israélo-palestinienne de 2011 (18 août - 26 août 2011), et l'Opération Pilier de défense (14 novembre - 21 novembre 2012). Pour comparer la couverture médiatique de ces conflits, j'ai choisi quatre autres conflits bien plus meurtriers: la Guerre civile au Darfour (février 2003 à aujourd'hui), l'intervention militaire française dans la guerre au Mali (11 janvier 2013 à aujourd'hui) , le Conflit inter-soudanais (21 mai 2011 à aujourd'hui) et la Guerre civile en Syrie (15 mars 2011 à aujourd'hui).

À l'aide de la base de données Eurêka, j'ai pu repérer le nombre d'articles contenant le terme «Israël» pour les périodes de conflit en question. J'ai également compilé le nombre d'articles contenant les termes «Darfour», «Soudan», «Mali» et «Syrie» pour les quatre autres conflits à l'étude. Bien entendu, je n'ai pas analysé tous les journaux de tous les pays occidentaux. J'ai plutôt choisi un échantillon de treize journaux/revues français : Courrier international, La Croix, Les Echos, L'Express, Le Figaro, L'Humanité, Libération, Lire, Manière de voir, Le Monde diplomatique, Le Monde, Le Nouveau Marianne et Le Point.

Pour comparer la couverture médiatique des quatre confrontations entre Israël et la Palestine avec celle des quatre autres conflits, j'ai divisé, pour chaque conflit en question, le nombre d'articles contenant les termes propres à chaque conflit par la durée du conflit en nombre de jours. Voici mes résultats:

> Opération Pluies d'été: 3889 articles pour 151 jours de conflit = 25,75 articles par jour, en moyenne. Bilan du conflit : 409 morts.

> Guerre de Gaza: 937 articles pour 21 jours de conflit = 44,62 articles par jour, en moyenne. Bilan du conflit : 1343 morts.

> Confrontation israélo-palestinienne de 2011: 99 articles pour 8 jours de conflit = 12,38 articles par jour, en moyenne. Bilan du conflit : 29 morts.

> Opération Pilier de défense: 178 articles pour 7 jours de conflit = 25,43 articles par jour, en moyenne. Bilan du conflit : 167 morts.


> Guerre civile au Darfour (en cours): 6342 articles pour 3822 jours de conflit = 1,66 article par jour, en moyenne. Bilan du conflit : 300 000 morts (pour la période 2003-2007).

> Conflit inter-soudanais (en cours): 610 articles pour 791 jours de conflit = 0,77 article par jour, en moyenne. Bilan du conflit : 1500 morts, 100 000 déplacés.

> Guerre au Mali au cours de l'intervention militaire française (en cours): 2815 articles pour 219 jours de conflit = 12,85 articles par jour, en moyenne. Bilan du conflit : 785 morts.

> Guerre civile en Syrie: 9791 articles pour 853 jours de conflit = 11,48 articles par jour, en moyenne. Bilan du conflit (en cours) : plus de 100 000 morts.


Force est de constater que le conflit israélo-palestinien fait l'objet d'une couverture médiatique nettement plus importante que les quatre autres conflits. Par exemple, l'Opération Pilier de défense, avec ses 167 morts, a une couverture médiatique plus de deux fois plus importante que celle de la guerre civile en Syrie. Et que dire du conflit inter-soudanais qui, avec ses 1500 morts et 100 000 déplacés, ne fait l'objet que de 0,77 article par jour en moyenne... Ou encore de la guerre au Mali qui, malgré la présence de troupes françaises sur place, fait l'objet d'une couverture médiatique moindre que celle de l'Opération Pilier de défense.

Comment expliquer l'hypermédiatisation du conflit?

Je ne prétends pas pouvoir ici donner de réponse claire à cette question. Je me permets simplement d'avancer quelques hypothèses, au-delà du traditionnel argument de l'antisémitisme:

- Le conflit israélo-palestinien est un cas emblématique du choc des civilisations. Ce conflit oppose un pays occidental moderne, industrialisé, une puissance régionale à la Palestine (bande de Gaza, Cisjordanie), qui est une région sous-développée du tiers monde. Sans oublier le fait que ce conflit oppose une population à majorité juive à une population à majorité musulmane.

- Lors des affrontements entre Israël et les Palestiniens, le nombre de morts du côté palestinien est significativement supérieur au nombre de morts du côté israélien. Par conséquent, Israël est perçu comme la puissance belligérante qui tue des «pauvres Palestiniens». À cela s'ajoute le fait qu'Israël appartient au monde occidental.

- La crainte d'oublier de mentionner les morts. Comme Israël est un pays occidental, les médias français sont portés à publier des nouvelles sur ce pays. Par conséquent, du moment où un soldat israélien tue un Palestinien, les médias occidentaux se sentent «obligés» de rapporter ce fait. Ce qui n'est visiblement pas le cas pour le Soudan, étant donné que ce pays ne fait pas partie de la civilisation occidentale. En d'autres mots, un conflit opposant une civilisation occidentale à une autre civilisation attirerait davantage l'attention des médias occidentaux qu'un conflit intra-civilisationnel entre pays n'appartenant pas à l'Occident.

- Le «conflit de l'espoir». Comme le conflit israélo-palestinien oppose un pays occidental au monde musulman, les gens seraient portés à croire que la résolution pacifique de ce conflit règlerait de nombreux autres conflits entre l'Occident et le monde musulman.

Et vous, chers lecteurs, comment expliquez-vous la «popularité» et l'hypermédiatisation du conflit israélo-palestinien?

VOIR AUSSI SUR LE HUFFPOST

Dess images de l'Opération Pilier de défense compilées par nos collègues américains
Attention, certaines photos peuvent choquer.

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  • Smoke rises following an Israeli attack on smuggling tunnels on the border between Egypt and Rafah, southern Gaza Strip, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. (AP Photo/Eyad Baba)

  • A Palestinian demonstrator holds a poster depicting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu holding a leashed dog superimposed with the head U.S. President Barack Obama, with illustrations of Israel's separation barrier on the left and the gates of Auschwitz Nazi death camp on the right, during a protest against the Israeli military operations in Gaza Strip, near the West Bank city of Nablus, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. (AP Photo/Nasser Ishtayeh)

  • The dead body of a Palestinian woman from the Abdel Aal family is pulled out from the rubble after the family house collapsed during an Israeli forces strike in the Tufah neighbourhood, Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. The Israeli military widened its range of targets in the Gaza Strip on Sunday to include the media operations of the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, sending its aircraft to attack two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets. (AP Photo/Majed Hamdan)

  • A member of the Abdel Aal family is rescued after his family house collapsed during an Israeli forces strike in the Tufah neighbourhood, Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. The Israeli military widened its range of targets in the Gaza Strip on Sunday to include the media operations of the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, sending its aircraft to attack two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets. (AP Photo/Majed Hamdan)

  • Palestinians carry bodies of members of the Daloo family during their funeral in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. At least eleven members of the Daloo family were killed on Sunday when an Israeli missile struck the two-story home of the family in a residential area of Gaza City. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • The body of 11-month old Ibrahim Daloo is carried by mourners past reporters during a funeral for members of the Daloo family in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. Eleven members of the Daloo family were killed on Sunday when an Israeli missile struck the two-story home of the family in a residential area of Gaza City. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Palestinians pray over the bodies of farmers Amin Bashir, 40, and Tamer Bashir, 30, during their funeral in Deir Al Balah, central Gaza Strip, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. The Palestinian civilian death toll mounted Monday as Israeli aircraft struck densely populated areas in the Gaza Strip in its campaign to quell militant rocket fire menacing nearly half of Israel's population. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • Palestinians pray over the bodies of farmers Amin Bashir, 40, and Tamer Bashir, 30, during their funeral in Deir Al Balah, central Gaza Strip, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. The Palestinian civilian death toll mounted Monday as Israeli aircraft struck densely populated areas in the Gaza Strip in its campaign to quell militant rocket fire menacing nearly half of Israel's population. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • Palestinian mourners carry the body of farmer Amin Bashir, 40, during his funeral in Deir Al Balah, central Gaza Strip, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. The Palestinian civilian death toll mounted Monday as Israeli aircraft struck densely populated areas in the Gaza Strip in its campaign to quell militant rocket fire menacing nearly half of Israel's population. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • A protester from a student union shouts slogans during a protest outside Israeli Embassy in New Delhi, India, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. The protest was against the Israeli military operations in Gaza Strip, near the West Bank city of Nablus. (AP Photo/Manish Swarup)

  • A protester from a student union shouts slogans during a protest outside Israeli Embassy in New Delhi, India, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. The protest was against the Israeli military operations in Gaza Strip, near the West Bank city of Nablus. (AP Photo/Manish Swarup)

  • Protesters from various student unions shout slogans during a protest outside Israeli Embassy in New Delhi, India, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. The protest was against the Israeli military operations in Gaza Strip, near the West Bank city of Nablus. (AP Photo/Manish Swarup)

  • Smoke trails are seen after ordnance were fired by Palestinian militants from Gaza City towards southern Israel, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Protesters from various student unions shout slogans during a protest outside Israeli Embassy in New Delhi, India, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. The protest was against the Israeli military operations in Gaza Strip, near the West Bank city of Nablus. (AP Photo/Manish Swarup)

  • Smoke and fire are seen from an explosion by a high rise housing media organizations in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. The Hamas TV station, Al Aqsa, is located on the top floor. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Pakistani students light candles to condemn the Israeli offensive in Gaza in Karachi, Pakistan, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. (AP Photo/Shakil Adil))

  • Smoke is seen from an explosion by a high rise housing media organizations in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. The Hamas TV station, Al Aqsa, is located on the top floor. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Smoke and fire are seen from an explosion by a high rise housing media organizations in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. The Hamas TV station, Al Aqsa, is located on the top floor. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • A Palestinian inspects damaged cars following an Israeli air strike in Rafah southern Gaza Strip, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. (AP Photo/Hatem Omar)

  • Fire is seen from the explosion at a high rise housing media organizations in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. The Hamas TV station, Al Aqsa, is located on the top floor. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Smoke and fire are seen from the explosion by a high rise housing media organizations in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. The Hamas TV station, Al Aqsa, is located on the top floor. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Israeli police sappers remove the remains of an ordnance fired by Palestinian militants from the Gaza Strip that landed in the southern Israeli town of Ashkelon, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. Exchange of fire between Israel and Gaza militants continued for the sixth day on Monday.(AP Photo/Tsafrir Abayov)

  • Palestinians carry injured people after an Israeli strike on a building in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad says an Israeli strike on a Gaza media center has killed one of its top militant leaders. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • Palestinians firefighters try to extinguish a fire after an Israeli strike on a building of Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad says an Israeli strike on a Gaza media center has killed one of its top militant leaders. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • Palestinians firefighters try to extinguish a fire after an Israeli strike on a building of Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad says an Israeli strike on a Gaza media center has killed one of its top militant leaders. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • Israeli border policemen run during a protest against the Israeli military operations in Gaza Strip near the West Bank city of Nablus, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. Israeli aircraft struck crowded areas in the Gaza Strip and killed a senior militant with a missile strike on a media center Monday, driving up the Palestinian death toll to 96, as Israel broadened its targets in the 6-day-old offensive meant to quell Hamas rocket fire on Israel. (AP Photo/Nasser Ishtayeh)

  • Israeli women take cover in a stairwell as a siren signals the warning of incoming rockets in the coastal city of Ashkelon, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. Israeli aircraft struck crowded areas in the Gaza Strip and killed a senior militant with a missile strike on a media center Monday, driving up the Palestinian death toll to 96, as Israel broadened its targets in the 6-day-old offensive meant to quell Hamas rocket fire on Israel. (AP Photo/Tsafrir Abayov)

  • Palestinians remove debris from a building that was damaged after an Israeli strike, in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad says an Israeli strike on a Gaza media center has killed one of its top militant leaders. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • Palestinians carry an injured man after an Israeli strike on a building, in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad says an Israeli strike on a Gaza media center has killed one of its top militant leaders. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • Israeli soldiers lie on the ground as an Iron Dome missile is launched near the city of Ashdod, Israel, Monday Nov 19. 2012. Israeli aircraft struck crowded areas in the Gaza Strip and killed a senior militant with a missile strike on a media center Monday, driving up the Palestinian death toll to 96, as Israel broadened its targets in the 6-day-old offensive meant to quell Hamas rocket fire on Israel. (AP Photo/Moti Milrod) ISRAEL OUT

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA

    A Palestinian youth throws a rock at Israeli border gaurds during clashes in the West Bank town of Nablus, on November 18, 2012, as Palestinian across the territories protest against Israel's military action on the Gaza Strip. Israel's Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said that Israel would not negotiate a truce with Gaza Strip's Hamas rulers as long as rocket fire continues from the Palestinian enclave. AFP PHOTO / JAAFAR ASHTIYEH (Photo credit should read JAAFAR ASHTIYEH/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA

    A Palestinian stone thrower jumps as tear gas is fired by Israeli soldiers during clashes in the West Bank town of Nablus, on November 18, 2012, as Palestinian across the territories protest against Israel's military action on the Gaza Strip. Israel's Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said that Israel would not negotiate a truce with Gaza Strip's Hamas rulers as long as rocket fire continues from the Palestinian enclave. AFP PHOTO / JAAFAR ASHTIYEH (Photo credit should read JAAFAR ASHTIYEH/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-CONFLICT-GAZA

    An Israeli soldier smokes a cigarette next to a convey of tanks at an Israeli army deployment area near the Israel-Gaza Strip border as they prepare for a potential ground operation in the Palestinian coastal enclave on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes killed 10 Palestinians raising the toll to 87, as Israel pushed raids against Gaza militants into a sixth day amid a flurry of efforts to broker a truce. AFP PHOTO/MENAHEM KAHANA (Photo credit should read MENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli soldiers from a tank squadron check their weapons at an Israeli army deployment area near the Israel-Gaza Strip border on November 19, 2012. The Israeli cabinet gave its green light for the recruitment of up to 75,000 reservists, Channel 2 television said, amid signs that Israel was gearing up for a ground offensive in Gaza. AFP PHOTO / JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-CONFLICT-GAZA

    An Israeli soldier sits on top of a tank at an Israeli army deployment area near the Israel-Gaza Strip border as they prepare for a potential ground operation in the Palestinian coastal enclave on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes killed 10 Palestinians raising the toll to 87, as Israel pushed raids against Gaza militants into a sixth day amid a flurry of efforts to broker a truce. AFP PHOTO/MENAHEM KAHANA (Photo credit should read MENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-CONFLICT-GAZA

    Israeli soldiers wearing 'Talit' (prayer shawls) and 'Tefilin' (phylacteries) conduct morning prayers at an Israeli army deployment area near the Israel-Gaza Strip border as they prepare for a potential ground operation in the Palestinian coastal enclave on November 19, 2012. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that Israel is ready to 'significantly expand' its operation against militants in the Hamas-run Gaza Strip as it entered its sixth day. AFP PHOTO/MENAHEM KAHANA (Photo credit should read MENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER, ISRAEL- NOVEMBER 19: (ISRAEL OUT) An Israeli soldier sits in his tank in a deployment area on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. The death toll has risen to at least 85 killed in the air strikes, according to hospital officials, on day six since the launch of operation 'Pillar of Defence.' (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-CONFLICT-GAZA

    An Israeli soldier sleeps on top of a tank at an Israeli army deployment area near the Israel-Gaza Strip border as they prepare for a potential ground operation in the Palestinian coastal enclave on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes killed 10 Palestinians raising the toll to 87, as Israel pushed raids against Gaza militants into a sixth day amid a flurry of efforts to broker a truce. AFP PHOTO/MENAHEM KAHANA (Photo credit should read MENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    An Israeli soldier from a tank squadron wearing 'Talit' (prayer shawls) prays on top of a tank in an Israeli army deployment area near the Israel-Gaza Strip border on November 19, 2012. The Israeli cabinet gave its green light for the recruitment of up to 75,000 reservists, Channel 2 television said, amid signs that Israel was gearing up for a ground offensive in Gaza. AFP PHOTO / JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER, ISRAEL- NOVEMBER 19: (ISRAEL OUT) An Israeli soldier walks in a deployment area on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. The death toll has risen to at least 85 killed in the air strikes, according to hospital officials, on day six since the launch of operation 'Pillar of Defence.' (Photo by Uriel Sinai/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER, ISRAEL- NOVEMBER 19: An Israeli soldier on route to the border with Gaza gestures a victory sign on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. The death toll has risen to at least 85 killed in the air strikes, according to hospital officials, on day six since the launch of operation 'Pillar of Defence.' (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER, ISRAEL- NOVEMBER 19: Israeli soldiers prepare an artillery emplacement overlooking Gaza on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. The death toll has risen to at least 85 killed in the air strikes, according to hospital officials, on day six since the launch of operation 'Pillar of Defence.' (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER, ISRAEL- NOVEMBER 19: Israeli soldiers prepare an artillery emplacement overlooking Gaza on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. The death toll has risen to at least 85 killed in the air strikes, according to hospital officials, on day six since the launch of operation 'Pillar of Defence.' (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

  • PAKISTAN-ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS-PROTEST

    Supporters of Pakistani cricketer turned politician Imran Khan of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaaf (PTI - Movement for Justice) carry placards during an anti-Israel protest in Islamabad on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes killed 13 Palestinians on November 19, hiking the Gaza death toll to 91 as global efforts to broker a truce to end the worst violence in four years gathered pace. AFP PHOTO/Aamir QURESHI (Photo credit should read AAMIR QURESHI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli soldiers look on a as Palestinian students from the Birzeit University clash with Israeli soldiers at the Atara checkpoint close to the university as they protest against Israel's military action on the Gaza Strip, on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes across the Gaza Strip killed 13 people, raising the Palestinian death toll to 90 as Israel's relentless air campaign entered its sixth day. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER, ISRAEL - NOVEMBER 19: A man sits on a discarded armchair on a hill overlooking Gaza as Israeli forces continue to bombard Gaza on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. The death toll has risen to at least 85 killed in the air strikes, according to hospital officials, on day six since the launch of operation 'Pillar of Defence.' (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

  • PAKISTAN-ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS-PROTEST

    Pakistani activists of Islami Jamiat-e-Tulaba (IJT), a student wing of fundamentalist party Jamaat-i-Islami (JI), shout anti-Israel slogans during a protest in Karachi on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes killed 13 Palestinians on November 19, hiking the Gaza death toll to 91 as global efforts to broker a truce to end the worst violence in four years gathered pace. AFP PHOTO/Rizwan TABASSUM (Photo credit should read RIZWAN TABASSUM/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A dog hides in his kennel as a Birzeit University Palestinian student holding rocks looks towards clashes with Israeli soldiers at the Atara checkpoint close to the university as they protest against Israel's military action on the Gaza Strip, on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes across the Gaza Strip killed 13 people, raising the Palestinian death toll to 90 as Israel's relentless air campaign entered its sixth day. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER, ISRAEL - NOVEMBER 19: A plume of smoke rises above Gaza City after an Israeli airstrike on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. The death toll has risen to at least 85 killed in the air strikes, according to hospital officials, on day six since the launch of operation 'Pillar of Defence.' (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Birzeit University students takes cover behind the university's sign during clashes with Israeli soldiers at the Atara checkpoint close to the university as they protest against Israel's military action on the Gaza Strip, on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes across the Gaza Strip killed 13 people, raising the Palestinian death toll to 90 as Israel's relentless air campaign entered its sixth day. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PAKISTAN-ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS-PROTEST

    Pakistani activists of Islami Jamiat-e-Tulaba (IJT), a student wing of fundamentalist party Jamaat-i-Islami (JI), shout anti-Israel slogans during a protest in Karachi on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes killed 13 Palestinians on November 19, hiking the Gaza death toll to 91 as global efforts to broker a truce to end the worst violence in four years gathered pace. AFP PHOTO/Rizwan TABASSUM (Photo credit should read RIZWAN TABASSUM/AFP/Getty Images)

 

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