Liza Long

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Je suis la mère d'Adam Lanza: réflexions sur la maladie mentale en Amérique

Publication: 18/12/2012 09:47

- L'horrible tragédie de vendredi dernier, qui a coûté la vie à 20 enfants et six adultes de l'École primaire Sandy Hook de Newtown soulève des questions troublantes. Partout à travers les États-Unis, les Américains sont encore une fois contraints de débattre de la violence qui afflige le pays. Celle étalée quotidiennement dans les médias, bien entendu; mais également celle découlant du culte des armes à feu, de la polarisation religieuse et politique, des guerres menées à l'étranger, des soins de santé publics insuffisants et de la façon d'élever les enfants.

Pour Liza Long, écrivaine établie à Boise, en Idaho, les armes à feu sont un sujet de conversation «facile» qui a tendance à occulter le problème de fond, c'est-à-dire la maladie mentale. Elle a donc voulu l'exprimer dans son blog.

En effet, chaque famille peut subir les conséquences de la maladie mentale tôt ou tard. Nous ne saurons probablement jamais ce qui est arrivé à la famille Lanza, mais les histoires du même genre méritent d'être racontées. Les familles aux prises avec la maladie mentale ont besoin de notre aide.

Cette tribune a ému l'Amérique, provocant des records de partages sur les réseaux sociaux. Nous la reproduisons ici.

Trois jours avant qu'un jeune de 20 ans nommé Adam Lanza ne tue sa mère et vide son chargeur sur une classe remplie d'enfants de maternelle, mon fils Michael (nom fictif), âgé de 13 ans, a raté son autobus scolaire, car il portait un pantalon de la mauvaise couleur.

« Je peux les mettre », répétait-il sur un ton de plus en plus agressif.

« Ce sont des pantalons bleu marine », lui ai-je répondu. « Le code vestimentaire de ton école est clair : tu dois porter des pantalons noirs ou kaki. »

« Ils m'ont dit que je pouvais porter ceux-là », a-t-il rétorqué. « T'es une maudite chienne ! Je peux porter les pantalons que je veux. On est en Amérique, et j'ai des droits ! »

« Non c'est faux. Tu ne peux pas porter ce que tu veux », lui ai-je répondu d'une voix calme. « Et je t'interdis de me traiter de chienne. Tu n'auras plus accès à la télé ni aux jeux vidéo pour le reste de la journée. Maintenant, monte dans la voiture, je dois te conduire à l'école. »

Mon fils souffre de maladie mentale. Je l'adore, mais il me fait peur.

Quelques semaines plus tôt, Michael a sorti un couteau de sa poche. Il a menacé de me tuer et de se suicider, parce que je lui avais demandé de rapporter ses livres en retard à la bibliothèque. Ses petits frères de 7 et 9 ans ont immédiatement appliqué la consigne de sécurité : ils se sont rués dans la voiture et ont verrouillé les portières avant même que je ne leur demande. J'ai réussi à récupérer le couteau de Michael puis à rassembler tous les objets pointus de la maison dans un gros contenant Tupperware que je garde désormais avec moi. Mais pendant que je ratissais la maison, Michael continuait de m'insulter et de proférer des menaces.

Cet épisode s'est terminé lorsque trois policiers costauds et un ambulancier l'ont attaché sur une civière pour l'emmener aux urgences. Le département de psychiatrie n'avait aucun lit à lui offrir cette journée-là, si bien que Michael a dû se calmer dans la salle d'attente. Il est rentré à la maison avec une ordonnance de Zyprexa et un rendez-vous avec un pédopsychiatre.

Avec le temps, nos rencontres avec des travailleurs sociaux, des professeurs, des agents de probation et des administrateurs scolaires nous ont familiarisés avec les troubles du spectre autistique, le trouble du déficit de l'attention, le trouble oppositionnel avec provocation et le trouble explosif intermittent. Malheureusement, nous ne savons pas encore de quoi souffre Michael exactement. Notre fils a ingéré toutes sortes de neuroleptiques et de psychotropes, gracieuseté d'une industrie pharmaceutique byzantine, mais rien ne semble fonctionner.

Au début de sa septième année, Michael a été admis dans un programme accéléré pour élèves surdoués en mathématiques et en sciences. Son QI est de loin supérieur à la normale. Lorsqu'il est de bonne humeur, il s'intéresse à la mythologie grecque et à la série de science-fiction Doctor Who, de même qu'aux différences entre la physique d'Einstein et celle de Newton. En fait, je dirais qu'il est de bonne humeur la plupart du temps. Mais lorsqu'il ne l'est pas, son caractère imprévisible nous oblige à redoubler de vigilance.

Quelques semaines après avoir été admis dans sa nouvelle école secondaire, Michael a fait preuve de comportements de plus en plus étranges et agressifs. Nous avons dû le transférer dans une école pour « cas spéciaux », c'est-à-dire dans un environnement sécurisé où l'on garde les adolescents incapables de fonctionner en société, du lundi au vendredi de 7 h 30 à 13 h 50, jusqu'à ce qu'ils atteignent l'âge de 18 ans.

Le matin où nous nous sommes disputés au sujet des pantalons, Michael a continué à protester pendant que je le conduisais à l'école. Lorsque nous sommes arrivés dans le stationnement, il m'a dit: « Maman, je suis vraiment désolé, puis-je avoir accès à la console de jeu vidéo aujourd'hui ?»

« Pas question », lui ai-je répondu. « Tu ne peux pas agir de la sorte, et penser que tu vas t'en tirer à si bon compte. »
Son visage a pâli et ses yeux se sont emplis d'une rage calculée. « Je vais me suicider. Je vais sauter de cette voiture et me tuer. »

C'en était trop pour moi. Après l'incident du couteau, j'avais d'ailleurs averti mon fils qu'au prochain écart de conduite, nous irions directement à l'hôpital. Me rappelant cet ultimatum, j'ai fait demi-tour. Décision finale et sans appel !

« Où allons-nous ? », a-t-il demandé, l'air inquiet.

« Tu le sais très bien », lui ai-je répondu.

« Tu ne peux pas me faire ça ! C'est l'enfer là-bas. Tu m'envoies directement en enfer ! »

Je me suis stationnée directement en face de l'hôpital, en gesticulant pour attirer l'attention d'un employé qui prenait sa pause à l'extérieur.

Rendu à ce point, Michael était fou de rage. Il hurlait et me frappait. J'ai dû le retenir afin qu'il ne sorte pas de la voiture, mais il m'a mordu plusieurs fois et m'a donné des coups de coude dans les côtes. (Je suis encore un peu plus forte que lui, mais pas pour longtemps.)

Des gardiens de sécurité sont arrivés rapidement et ont transporté mon fils dans les entrailles de l'hôpital. J'ai commencé à trembler. Mes yeux se sont embués au moment de remplir l'inévitable formulaire : « Avez-vous éprouvé des difficultés... À quel âge votre enfant a-t-il commencé... »

Mon seul répit provient du fait que j'ai maintenant droit à des assurances collectives. En effet, je ne suis plus travailleuse autonome, et j'ai maintenant un poste régulier dans une université. Pour vivre avec un fils comme Michael, il faut des avantages sociaux en béton. Vous seriez prête à faire n'importe quoi pour les obtenir. Aucun régime d'assurance individuel ne couvre une situation comme la mienne.

Durant plusieurs jours, mon fils a prétendu que je mentais et que je cherchais à me débarrasser de lui. Au premier jour de son hospitalisation, il m'a dit au téléphone : « Je te déteste, je vais prendre ma revanche dès que je sors d'ici. »

Au troisième jour, j'ai retrouvé mon fiston adoré, calme et repentant. Malheureusement, ses promesses de bonne conduite sonnent creux. Je n'y crois plus.

Sur le formulaire de l'hôpital, une question a d'ailleurs attiré mon attention : « Quels résultats attendez-vous de ce traitement ? » Pour toute réponse, j'ai écrit : « J'ai besoin d'aide. »

Croyez-moi, j'ai vraiment besoin d'aide. Le problème que je vis est trop gros pour être géré individuellement. Cependant, il y a peu d'options sur la table. Je dois prier et garder espoir que tout s'arrangera.

Je partage cette histoire avec vous, car je suis la mère d'Adam Lanza. Je suis aussi la mère d'Eric Harris et de Dylan Klebold. Et celle de James Holmes, de Jared Loughner, de Seung-Hui Cho. Tous ces garçons - et leurs parents - ont besoin d'aide. Après la tragédie de Newtown, nous pouvons bien entendu parler de restreindre l'accès aux armes à feu. Mais selon moi, il est grand temps de parler de maladie mentale.

Selon le magazine Mother Jones, 61 meurtres en série impliquant des armes à feu ont eu lieu aux États-Unis depuis 1982. Sur ce total, 43 ont été commis par des hommes blancs, et un seul par une femme. Mother Jones a découvert que la plupart de ces tueurs avaient obtenu leur arme légalement. Or, ce triste bilan lié à la maladie mentale ne tient pas compte du nombre encore plus élevé de gens qui, comme moi, vivent constamment dans la peur.

Lorsque j'ai interrogé le travailleur social responsable de mon fils pour savoir quelles sont les options disponibles, il m'a suggéré de le faire inculper. « Lorsqu'il réintégrera le système, son casier judiciaire contiendra toute la documentation pertinente. C'est la seule manière d'obtenir des résultats concrets. Personne ne fera attention à votre fils s'il n'a pas fait l'objet d'accusations criminelles. »

Je ne crois pas que Michael mérite de se retrouver en prison. Un environnement aussi chaotique exacerberait sa sensibilité sans régler le problème de fond. Mais aux États-Unis, nous avons choisi de traiter les cas de maladie mentale dans le système carcéral. Selon Human Rights Watch, le nombre de personnes atteintes de maladie mentale dans les prisons du pays a quadruplé entre 2000 et 2006. Ce nombre continue d'augmenter à un rythme alarmant, si bien que la maladie mentale touche maintenant 56 pour cent des prisonniers. Ce taux est cinq fois plus élevé que dans la population vivant en liberté.

Avec la fermeture de nombreux hôpitaux et centres de traitement subventionnés par l'État, les prisons sont devenues le « terminus » des personnes souffrant de troubles psychiatriques. En 2011, la prison du comté de Los Angeles, la prison du comté de Cook (en Illinois) et Rikers Island (à New York) abritaient les cliniques les plus grandes au pays.

Personne n'a envie d'envoyer en taule un petit génie de 13 ans, fan de Harry Potter et d'animaux exotiques. Mais les préjugés à l'égard de la maladie mentale, conjugués à notre système de santé en décrépitude, ne nous offrent aucun autre choix.

Lorsque survient une tuerie dans un restaurant, un cinéma ou une école maternelle, nous avons pour réflexe de dire : « Il faut faire quelque chose ».

Oui, en effet, il faut faire quelque chose. Par exemple, lancer un débat national sur la manière de traiter la maladie mentale. Aborder ce problème de front sera la seule manière de guérir notre pays.

Mon Dieu, aidez-moi. Aidez Michael, et aidez-nous tous.

Cet texte a été publié à l'origine sur le blog The Anarchist Soccer Mom, puis dans The Blue Review. Nous l'avons traduit pour nos lecteurs francophones.

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  • Connecticut State Police Release Sandy Hook Report

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows the Newtown Tehcnology Team ID of Adam Lanza in the bathroom at the suspect's house on Yogananda St. following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage at Sandy Hook Elementary School, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut . A report was released November 25, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III summarizing the Newtown school shooting that left 20 children and six women dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to the report, a motive behind the shooting by gunman Adam Lanza is still unknown. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Connecticut State Police Release Sandy Hook Report

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows ammunition infrot of a gun safe in the south east bedroom (shooters room) at the suspect's house on Yogananda St. following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage at Sandy Hook Elementary School, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut . A report was released November 25, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III summarizing the Newtown school shooting that left 20 children and six women dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to the report, a motive behind the shooting by gunman Adam Lanza is still unknown. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Connecticut State Police Release Sandy Hook Report

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows a Bushmaster rifle in Room 10 at Sandy Hook Elementary School following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut . A report was released November 25, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III summarizing the Newtown school shooting that left 20 children and six women dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to the report, a motive behind the shooting by gunman Adam Lanza is still unknown. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Connecticut State Police Release Sandy Hook Report

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows firearms and ammunition found on or in close proximity to shooters body at Sandy Hook Elementary School following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut . A report was released November 25, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III summarizing the Newtown school shooting that left 20 children and six women dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to the report, a motive behind the shooting by gunman Adam Lanza is still unknown. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Pro Gun Control Group Hold Memorial On Anniversary Of Sandy Hook School Shooting

    CHICAGO, IL - DECEMBER 14: Shundra Robinson holds a picture of her son Deno Wooldridge, 18, while speaking at a gathering of gun violence victims and gun control advocates at Cornell Square Park on the anniversary of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting December 14, 2013 in Chicago, Illinois. Thirteen people, including a three-year-old boy, were wounded when gunmen opened fire on a crowd gathered at the basketball courts in Cornell Square Park in September. Twenty children and 6 adults were killed when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook School. Wooldridge was shot and killed while standing on his grandmother's porch on October 18, 2010. More than 400 people have been murdered in Chicago so far this year, most by gunfire. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • Second Report On Sandy Hook Shootings Released

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows a rifle in the master bedroom in the suspect's house on Yogananda St. following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage at Sandy Hook Elementary School, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut. A second report was released December 27, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III gave more details of the the Newtown school shooting by Adam Lanza that left 20 children and six women educators dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School after killing his mother at their home. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Second Report On Sandy Hook Shootings Released

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows a Glock 20, 10mm found near the shooter in Room 10 at Sandy Hook Elementary School following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut. A second report was released December 27, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III gave more details of the the Newtown school shooting by Adam Lanza that left 20 children and six women educators dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School after killing his mother at their home. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Second Report On Sandy Hook Shootings Released

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows firearms and ammunition found on or in close proximity to shooters body at Sandy Hook Elementary School following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut. A second report was released December 27, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III gave more details of the the Newtown school shooting by Adam Lanza that left 20 children and six women educators dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School after killing his mother at their home. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Twenty-seven small U.S. flags adorn a large flag on a makeshift memorial on the side of Highway 84 near the Newtown, Conn., town line as residents mourn victims killed by gunman Adam Lanza, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012. On Friday, authorities say Lanza killed his mother at their home and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • In this photo taken with a fisheye lens, a message honoring the victims that died a day earlier when a gunman opened fire at an elementary hang from a bridge near Hawley Pond, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Mourners carry ornaments to decorate the Christmas trees at one of the makeshift memorials for the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting victims, Monday,Dec. 17, 2012 in Newtown, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)

  • Crayons sit on a table outside of a barbershop a day after a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Crayons sit on a table outside of a barbershop a day after a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Tamara Doherty

    Shop owner Tamara Doherty, paces outside her store just down the road from Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Tamara Doherty, Jackie Gaudet

    Shop owners Tamara Doherty, left, and Jackie Gaudet, right, meet outside their stores for the first time since being neighbors, just down the road from Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Kristin Hoyt

    Kristin Hoyt, 18, of Danbury, Conn., ties a balloon to an overpass up the road from the Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • A Newtown, Conn., resident, who declined to give her name, sits at an intersection holding a sign for passing motorists up the road from the Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • A snowflake ornament with the name of 6-year-old Noah Pozner hangs on a Christmas tree at a makeshift memorial in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Conn., Monday, Dec. 17, 2012, as the town mourns victims killed in Friday's school shooting. Pozner, who was killed Friday when gunman Adam Lanza opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School, will be buried Monday. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Twenty-seven small U.S. flags adorn a large flag on a makeshift memorial on the side of Highway 84 near the Newtown, Conn., town line as residents mourn victims killed by gunman Adam Lanza, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012. Authorities say Lanza killed his mother at their home and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life, on Friday. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Jamie Duncan, 16, of Newtown, Conn., lights a candle at one of the makeshift memorials for the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting victims, Monday,Dec. 17, 2012 in Newtown, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)

  • A mourner carries a giant Winnie the Pooh stuffed animal to place at one of the makeshift memorials for the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting victims, Monday,Dec. 17, 2012 in Newtown, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)

  • A hearse arrives at B'nai Israel Cemetery with the body of Noah Pozner, a six-year-old killed in an elementary school shooting, during funeral services, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012, in Monroe, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • People arrive at B'nai Israel Cemetery during burial services for Noah Pozner, a six-year-old killed in the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012, in Monroe, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Veronika Pozner

    Veronique Pozner waves to the assembled media as she leaves after a funeral service for her 6-year-old son Noah Pozner, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012, in Fairfield, Conn. Noah Pozner was killed when Adam Lanza walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Twenty seven wooden stand in a yard down the street from the Sandy Hook School December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. Twenty-six people were shot dead, including twenty children, after a gunman identified as Adam Lanza opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School. Lanza also reportedly had committed suicide at the scene. A 28th person, believed to be Nancy Lanza, found dead in a house in town, was also believed to have been shot by Adam Lanza. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Newtown residents Claire Swanson, Kate Suba, Jaden Albrecht, Simran Chand and New London, Connecticut residents Rachel Pullen and her son Landon DeCecco, hold candles at a memorial for victims on the first Sunday following the mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School on December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    U.S. President Barack Obama waits to speak at an interfaith vigil for the shooting victims from Sandy Hook Elementary School on December 16, 2012 at Newtown High School in Newtown, Connecticut. (Photo by Olivier Douliery-Pool/Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Eknoor Kaur, 3, stands with her father Guramril Singh during a candlelight vigil outside Newtown High School before an interfaith vigil with President Barack Obama, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    New London, Connecticut resident Rachel Pullen (C) kisses her son Landon DeCecco at a memorial for victims near the school on the first Sunday following the mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School on December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    US President Barack Obama speaks during a memorial service for the victims and relatives of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. Twenty-six people were killed when a gunman entered Sandy Hook Elementary and began a shooting spree. AFP PHOTO/Mandel NGAN

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    A woman covers her face as US President Barack Obama reads out the names of children killed during Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting at a interfaith memorial for victims and relatives at the Newtown High School on December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. Twenty-six people were killed when a gunman entered Sandy Hook Elementary and began a shooting spree. AFP PHOTO/Mandel NGAN

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    A woman pays respects at a memorial outside of St. Rose of Lima Roman Catholic Church, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. On Friday, a gunman allegedly killed his mother at their home and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Residents wait for the start of an interfaith vigil for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012 at Newtown High School in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Cheryl Girardi, of Middletown, Conn., kneels beside 26 teddy bears, each representing a victim of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, at a sidewalk memorial, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children.(AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Connecticut State Police officers respond to a bomb threat outside of St. Rose of Lima Roman Catholic Church, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. Worshippers hurriedly left the church Sunday, not far from where a gunman opened fire Friday inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Ava Staiti, 7, of New Milford, Conn., looks up at her mother Emily Staiti, not pictured, while visiting a sidewalk memorial with 26 teddy bears, each representing a victim of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    This photo provided by the family shows Jessica Rekos. Rekos, 6, was killed Friday, Dec. 14, 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School, in Newtown, Conn., killing 26 children and adults at the school, before killing himself. (AP Photo/Courtesy of Rekos Family)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    A U.S. flag flies at half staff outside the Newtown High School before President Barack Obama is scheduled to attend a memorial for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    David Freedman, right, kneels with his son Zachary, 9, both of Newtown, Conn., as they visit a sidewalk memorial for the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting victims, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    A man reacts at the site of a makeshift memorial for school shooting victims in Newtown, Conn., Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012. A gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School in the town, killing 26 people, including 20 children before killing himself on Friday. (AP Photo/Charles Krupa)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    People wait in line to attend an interfaith vigil with President Barack Obama, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Residents greet each other before the start of an interfaith vigil for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012 at Newtown High School in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Residents greet each other before the start of an interfaith vigil for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, at Newtown High School in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into the school Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. President Barack Obama is to scheduled to speak at the event. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Residents greet each other before the start of an interfaith vigil for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, at Newtown High School in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into the elementary school Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. President Barack Obama is scheduled to speak during the vigil. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    This image provided by the family shows Grace McDonnell posing for a portrait in this family photo taken Aug. 18, 2012. Grace McDonnell was killed Friday, Dec. 14, 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., killing 26 children and adults at the school. (AP Photo/Courtesy of the McDonnell Family)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    This Nov. 18, 2012 photo provided by John Engel shows Olivia Engel, 6, in Danbury, Conn. Olivia Engel, was killed Friday, Dec. 14, 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School, in Newtown, Conn., killing 26 children and adults at the school. (AP Photo/Engel Family, Tim Nosezo)

  • Emilie Alice Parker

    This 2012 photo provided by the family shows Emilie Alice Parker. Parker was killed Friday, Dec. 14, 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook elementary school in Newtown, Conn., killing 26 children and adults at the school. (AP Photo/Courtesy of the Parker Family)

  • Noah Pozner

    This Nov. 13, 2012 photo provided by the family via The Washington Post shows Noah Pozner. The six-year-old was one of the victims in the Sandy Hook elementary school shooting in Newtown, Conn. on Dec. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Family Photo)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    This handout image provided by ABC News, shows Nancy J. Lanza mother of suspected mass shooter Adam Lanza at an unspecified time and place. Twenty six people were shot dead, including twenty children, after a gunman identified as Adam Lanza opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School. Lanza also reportedly had committed suicide at the scene. A 28th person, believed to be Nancy Lanza was found dead in a house in town, was also believed to have been shot by Adam Lanza. (Family of Nancy Lanza / ABC News / Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20121215/us-school-shooting-victims/?utm_hp_ref=homepage&ir=homepage">Lauren Rousseau, 30,</a> had started a job as a full-time teacher at Sandy Hook Elementary School this fall. She was killed in the Dec. 14 shooting at the school.

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    School psychologist Mary Sherlach, 56, was killed during an attempt to stop gunman Adam Lanza during the Dec. 14 mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20121215/us-school-shooting-victims/?utm_hp_ref=homepage&ir=homepage">Sherlach and school principal Dawn Hochsprung</a> reportedly both lunged at Lanza in an attempt to protect the school's students and teachers. Both Sherlach and Hochsprung were killed.

 
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