John R. Talbott

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Catastrophes artificielles

Publication: 21/05/2013 13:37

Nous sommes de tout cœur avec les habitants de la ville de Moore, dans l'Oklahoma. Impossible de regarder des vidéos montrant les effets dévastateurs de cette tornade sur une communauté, des familles et des enfants sans essuyer quelques larmes.

Cet État porte le surnom de « terre de Dieu ». Mais il faut se réveiller: Dieu n'a rien à voir avec ce désastre. On se tourne souvent vers la religion dans les moments difficiles, face à des situations inexplicables, pour simplement demander « pourquoi ? » Mais ce n'est pas nécessaire dans ce cas-là. Il existe bel et bien une réponse, si on a le courage de poser les bonnes questions.

Un article daté de juillet 2011-intitulé « L'ère des tornades: comment le réchauffement climatique génère des vents violents »- extrait du magazine The Atlantic résume bien la situation:

Des études récentes publiées dans Nature et Science arrivent à la conclusion que les événements météorologiques violents sont liés au changement climatique. Et la chaleur qui s'accroit dans les abysses permet de comprendre pourquoi.


Depuis les années 1950, les océans ont accumulé près de 95 % de la chaleur supplémentaire engendrée par le réchauffement climatique. Parce que la surface d'océans plus chauds s'évapore plus rapidement que celle d'océans plus froids et qu'une atmosphère chaude retient davantage de vapeur d'eau, le réchauffement et la vapeur d'eau alimentent les tempêtes. (Kerry Emanuel, en charge des modèles climatiques à MIT, a par exemple démontré que l'ouragan Katrina de 2005 n'aurait pas été aussi puissant s'il s'était produit en 1980, quand l'atmosphère et les surfaces océaniques étaient plus fraîches).

Le réchauffement climatique entraîne donc un changement climatique, ce qui comprend des modifications des épisodes météorologiques. Et la source du changement est la chaleur qui s'accumule dans les profondeurs des océans de la planète. L'eau se réchauffe, la glace fond et l'eau s'évapore. Mais en quoi cela explique-t-il les tornades? Nous avons une idée claire de la façon dont les tornades se forment et comment leur puissance peut être liée au réchauffement climatique.

Tout est une question d'écarts et de contraste. Des températures plus élevées au-dessus des terres créent des systèmes à basse pression alors que les fronts froids venant du nord sont accompagnés d'une haute pression. L'air circule vers le bas. Quand les différences de température et de pression augmentent entre le haut et le bas (comme cela se fait de façon naturelle au printemps), le choc peut former une tornade. Et plus les écarts sont grands, plus la puissance des tornades est importante.

Le billet se poursuit après la galerie

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  • Moore Residents Begin Painful Recovery From Massive Tornado Strike

    MOORE, OK - MAY 24: Larry Cory displays an American flag outside the funeral for nine-year-old tornado victim Nicholas McCabe on May 24, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. A two-mile wide EF5 tornado touched down in Moore May 20 killing at least 24 people and leaving behind extensive damage to homes and businesses. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Tom Pennington/Getty Images)

  • US-WEATHER-TORNADO

    Carol Kawaykla stands in the rubbles of her tornado devastated home in Moore, Oklahoma, on May 24, 2013. The tornado, one of the most powerful in recent years, killed 24 people, injured 377, damaged or destroyed 1,200 homes and affected an estimated 33,000 people in this Oklahoma City suburb, officials said in their latest update. Initial damages have been estimated at around $2 billion. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Moore Residents Continue Painful Recovery From Massive Tornado Strike

    MOORE, OK - MAY 24: Sabrina Mitchell recovers a stuffed doll as she searches for belongings in what was the second floor bedroom of her home which was destroyed by a tornado on May 24, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. A two-mile wide EF5 tornado touched down in Moore May 20 killing at least 24 people and leaving behind extensive damage to homes and businesses. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • US-WEATHER-TORNADO

    Lightning strikes during a thunder storm as tornado survivors search for salvagable stuffs at their devastated home on May 23, 2013, in Moore, Oklahoma. Severe thunderstorms barreled through this Oklahoma City suburb at dawn Thursday, complicating clean-up efforts three days after a powerful tornado killed 24 people and destroyed 2,400 homes. More rain was forecast to fall on Moore, soaking the disaster zone where residents had just the day before, under clear blue skies, started picking through the rubble of their destroyed houses to recover personal effects. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Claudia Clark clears tornado debris from a cemetery Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Okla. Cleanup continues two days after a huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb, flattening a wide swath of homes and businesses. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)

  • US-WEATHER-TORNADO

    A tornado-devastated neighborhood is seen during a thunder storm on May 23, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. Severe thunderstorms barreled through this Oklahoma City suburb at dawn Thursday, complicating clean-up efforts three days after a powerful tornado killed 24 people and destroyed 2,400 homes. More rain was forecast to fall on Moore, soaking the disaster zone where residents had just the day before, under clear blue skies, started picking through the rubble of their destroyed houses to recover personal effects. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • US-WEATHER-TORNADO

    A cross stands over a destroyed home as the sun rises on May 23, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. A powerful tornado classified as an EF4 passed through the town May 20, destroying homes, schools and businesses and killing 24 people including children. The epic twister, two miles (three kilometers) across, flattened block after block of homes as it struck mid-afternoon Monday, hurling cars through the air, downing power lines and setting off localized fires in a 45-minute rampage. AFP PHOTO/Joshua LOTT (Photo credit should read Joshua LOTT/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Powerful Tornado Rips Through Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 22: Linda Deason collects a picture of her daughter Tracy Stephan, and granddaughter, Abigail Stephan (2 mos. in photo) from her tornado destroyed home on May 22, 2013 in Moore, Ok. (Photo by Ricky Carioti/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

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    An unidentified woman looks over the scene as residents sort through their tornado-ravaged homes Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Okla. Cleanup continues two days after a huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb, flattening a wide swath of homes and businesses. (Charlie Riedel / AP)

  • Oklahoma City Thunder NBA basketball player Kevin Durant walks past tornado-damaged homes in a neighborhood in Moore, Okla., Wednesday, May 22, 2013. Durant donated $1 million to the American Red Cross for relief efforts. The Thunder matched the $1 million donation. At left is one of his friends, Randy Williams. (Sue Ogrocki / AP)

  • Christine Jones (L) is comforted by her daughter Ashley as they stand in front of Christine's home which was destroyed when a tornado ripped through the area on May 22, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide touched down May 20 killing at least 24 people and leaving behind extensive damage to homes and businesses. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Scott Olson / Getty Images)

  • Casey Angle, a student at Plaza Towers Elementary School poses for a portrait outside her destroyed home as she holds a family photo that includes her sister Sydney Angle, second from left, on May 22, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. Casey's sister Sydney Angle was killed when a powerful tornado classified as an EF4 destroyed Plaza Towers Elementary School, which also ripped through the town Monday destroying homes, schools and businesses, killing several people including children. (Joshua Lott / AFP / Getty Images)

  • Don Jackson shows his wife's wedding ring after he found it in the rubble of his home that was destroyed by a tornado that ripped through the area on May 22, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide touched down May 20 killing at least 24 people and leaving behind extensive damage to homes and businesses. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Scott Olson / Getty Images)

  • A Dallas Cowboys doll sits on top of a car in the rubble of the tornado May 22, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The two-mile-wide Category 5 tornado touched down May 20 killing at least 24 people and leaving behind extensive damage to homes and businesses. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Brett Deering / Getty Images)

  • Brittany Brown rushes to get aid after finding her grandmother's cat "Kitty" which was buried in tornado rubble for two days at the grandmother's destroyed home Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Okla. Cleanup continues two days after a huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb, flattening a wide swath of homes and businesses. (Charlie Riedel / AP)

  • Nick Balen holds his daughter Kinley while visiting the destroyed doctor's office where his wife worked and survived Monday's tornado, along with 13 other people, Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Okla. Cleanup continues two days after a huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb, flattening a wide swath of homes and businesses. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)

  • Marvin Dixon, the grandfather of 8-year-old tornado victim Kyle Davis, glances down at a photo of his grandson while sitting for a portrait in the lobby of a funeral home where his grandson awaits burial, in Oklahoma City, Wednesday, May 22, 2013. Nicknamed "The Wall," Davis loved soccer and going to the Monster Truck exhibitions at the fairgrounds with his grandfather. Kyle was killed Monday, May 20, 2013, when a huge tornado roared through Moore, Okla., flattening entire neighborhoods and destroying his elementary school with a direct blow as children and teachers huddled against winds up to 200 mph. (Brennan Linsley / AP)

  • Downed power lines are shown in the backyard of Leslie Paul's home as she is helped by friends recover items Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Oklahoma. (Tony Gutierrez / AP)

  • James Pitts uses a sledge hammer to try to force open a friend's trunk in a tornado-ravaged car as residents sort through their tornado-ravaged homes Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Okla. Cleanup continues two days after a huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb, flattening a wide swath of homes and businesses. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)

  • Rick Brown puts on a pair of boots after finding them in his tornado-ravaged home Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Okla. Cleanup continues two days after a huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb, flattening a wide swath of homes and businesses. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)

  • Susan Kates salvages items from a friend's tornado-ravaged home Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Okla. Cleanup continues two days after a huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb, flattening a wide swath of homes and businesses. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)

  • Chad Allcox, left, helps his friend Kevin McElvany, right, the home owner, clear debris away from his destroyed home from Monday's tornado Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Moore, Oklahoma. (Tony Gutierrez / AP)

  • US-WEATHER-TORNADO

    Road signs and other debris left by the May 20 tornado are seen on May 22, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. As rescue efforts in Oklahoma wound down, residents turned to the daunting task of rebuilding a US heartland community shattered by a vast tornado that killed at least 24 people. The epic twister, two miles (three kilometers) across, flattened block after block of homes as it struck mid-afternoon on May 20, hurling cars through the air, downing power lines and setting off localized fires in a 45-minute rampage. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 22: Eric Lowery looks over damage to his mother's vehicle after it was blown from her workplace and came to rest on debris of a collapsed building nearby after a tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The tornado of at least EF5 strength and two miles wide touched down May 20 killing at least 24 people and leaving behind extensive damage to homes and businesses. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • US-WEATHER-TORNADO

    A man pulling a child's wagon returns to his tornado devastated home on May 22, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. As rescue efforts in Oklahoma wound down, residents turned to the daunting task of rebuilding a US heartland community shattered by a vast tornado that killed at least 24 people. The epic twister, two miles (three kilometers) across, flattened block after block of homes as it struck mid-afternoon on May 20, hurling cars through the air, downing power lines and setting off localized fires in a 45-minute rampage. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 22: Workers remove a damaged neon letter from the marquee in front of the Warren Theater after a tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The tornado of at least EF5 strength and two miles wide touched down May 20 killing at least 24 people and leaving behind extensive damage to homes and businesses. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • At sunrise, police patrol a partially-destroyed row of houses adjacent to a group of homes completely leveled on Monday when a tornado moved through Moore, Okla., Wednesday, May 22, 2013. The huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb, flattening a wide swath of homes and businesses. (AP Photo/Brennan Linsley)

  • A brick mailbox lies flattened in front of what used to be Dan and Rebecca Garland's home in Moore, Okla., on Tuesday, May 21, 2013. Nearly a dozen neighbors and relatives took refuge in the family's storm shelter during Monday's deadly EF5 tornado. (AP Photo/Allen Breed)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of the Moore Medical Center destroyed after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • This Tuesday, May 21, 2013 aerial photo shows, from bottom to top, the path Monday's tornado took through Moore, Okla. The huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb Monday, flattening entire neighborhoods and destroying an elementary school with a direct blow as children and teachers huddled against winds. (AP Photo/Kim Johnson Flodin)

  • A home in Moore, Okla. sits severely damaged Tuesday, May 21, 2013, after Monday's massive tornado moved through the area. The huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb Monday, flattening entire neighborhoods and destroying an elementary school with a direct blow as children and teachers huddled against winds. (AP Photo/Alonzo Adams)

  • CORRECTS NAME OF SCHOOL TO PLAZA TOWERS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL - An aerial view of Plaza Towers Elementary School that was damaged in Monday's tornado Tuesday, May 21, 2013, in Moore, Oklahoma. A huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb Monday, flattening an entire neighborhoods and destroying an elementary school with a direct blow as children and teachers huddled against winds. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)

  • A man who asked not to be identified hangs an American flag on what is left of a tree in a neighborhood north of SW 149th between Western and Santa Fe on Tuesday, May 21, 2013, after a tornado struck south Oklahoma City and Moore, Okla., on Monday. (AP Photo/The Oklahoman, Nate Billing)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of destroyed houses and buildings after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of the destroyed Plaza Tower elementary school after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of destroyed houses and buildings after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of destroyed houses after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of destroyed houses and buildings after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • US-WEATHER-TORNADO

    Men walk at their backyard of their tornado devastated neighbourhood on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. Families returned to a blasted moonscape that had been an American suburb Tuesday after a monstrous tornado tore through the outskirts of Oklahoma City, killing at least 24 people. Nine children were among the dead and entire neighborhoods vanished, with often the foundations being the only thing left of what used to be houses and cars tossed like toys and heaped in big piles. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • US-WEATHER-TORNADO

    A woman salvages memorable from her tornado devastated home on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. Families returned to a blasted moonscape that had been an American suburb Tuesday after a monstrous tornado tore through the outskirts of Oklahoma City, killing at least 24 people. Nine children were among the dead and entire neighborhoods vanished, with often the foundations being the only thing left of what used to be houses and cars tossed like toys and heaped in big piles. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: Amber Johnson (R) a fifth grade teacher at Briarwood Elementary School salvages items from her which was parked at the school when a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. Johnson is being helped by her daughters Natalie (L) and Nicole. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: Chris Combs and her husband Jimmy look over damge at Briarwood Elementary School after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. Chris is a secretary at the school and was inside the school office when the tornado hit. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: Macie Thompson looks over damage at Briarwood Elementary School after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: A pickup truck is wrapped around a tree after a powerful tornado ripped through the neighborhood on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of destroyed houses and buildings after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of destroyed houses and buildings after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of a destroyed house after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • Massive Tornado Causes Large Swath Of Destruction In Suburban Moore, Oklahoma

    MOORE, OK - MAY 21: An aerial view of destroyed houses and buildings after a powerful tornado ripped through the area on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. The town reported a tornado of at least EF4 strength and two miles wide that touched down yesterday killing at least 24 people and leveling everything in its path. U.S. President Barack Obama promised federal aid to supplement state and local recovery efforts. (Photo by Benjamin Krain/Getty Images)

  • A man salvages stuff from what left of a bedroom of his tornado devastated home on May 21, 2013 in Moore, Oklahoma. Families returned to a blasted moonscape that had been an American suburb Tuesday after a monstrous tornado tore through the outskirts of Oklahoma City, killing at least 24 people. Nine children were among the dead and entire neighborhoods vanished, with often the foundations being the only thing left of what used to be houses and cars tossed like toys and heaped in big piles. (Jewel Samad / AFP / Getty Images)

  • Heath Thayer, left, and his brother Derek Thayer look at Derek's tornado-ravaged pickup truck which was thrown across the street from where it was parked Tuesday, May 21, 2013, in Moore, Okla. A huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb Monday, flattening entire neighborhoods and destroying an elementary school with a direct blow as children and teachers huddled against winds. (Charlie Riedel / AP)

  • Zac Woodcock salvages items from the rubble of a tornado-ravaged rental home which they own Tuesday, May 21, 2013, in Moore, Okla. A huge tornado roared through the Oklahoma City suburb Monday, flattening an entire neighborhoods and destroying an elementary school with a direct blow as children and teachers huddled against winds. (Charlie Riedel / AP)


Personne ne dit que tous ces types d'épisodes météorologiques sont, à coup sûr, causés par le changement climatique, mais les tendances climatiques font que ces manifestations extrêmes sont de plus en plus fréquentes.

Bien évidemment, il se trouve aussi que le sénateur Jim Inhofe - l'un des plus grands sceptiques du pays quant au changement climatique- réside dans l'Oklahoma. Ce dernier assure que le changement climatique n'est qu'une blague et qu'il est impossible, car « Dieu est toujours aux commandes ». Il a aussi comparé l'EPA (Environmental Protection Agency, l'« Agence américaine de protection de l'environnement », ndlr) à la Gestapo sous Hitler. Dieu aurait-il donc frappé l'Oklahoma pour punir sa vision erronée du changement climatique? Non. Et c'est bien ce qu'il y a de plus triste avec le changement climatique: il frappe au hasard et peut toucher tout le monde. Mais si Dieu est en train de tirer une sonnette d'alarme pour nous sortir de notre profond sommeil, j'espère sérieusement que quelqu'un aura la force de se réveiller et de sortir de son lit plutôt que tout le monde ne choisisse de mettre des boules Quies avant de se rendormir pour une dizaine d'années.

Est-ce une coïncidence que la tuerie de Newton se soit déroulée dans une ville célèbre pour ses centres de tir et son amour des armes à feu? Pourquoi est-ce que l'État conservateur de Staten Island a été le plus durement frappé par l'ouragan Sandy? Pourquoi est-ce que le Sud républicain a perdu le plus grand nombre d'emplois face à la délocalisation en Chine et en Inde? Pourquoi est-ce la classe ouvrière qui a le plus souffert au cours de la dernière récession?

Une fois encore, Dieu n'a rien eu à voir là-dedans. Ces tragédies ont toutes été créées par l'homme. Et où ont-elles été fabriquées? Dans les couloirs du Congrès, infestés de lobbyistes, et dans les politiques du gouvernement et de la Cour suprême, motivées par les financements intéressés. Cela fait des décennies que je mets en garde, comme beaucoup d'autres, contre l'impact destructif des lobbies. Malgré cela, nous en voyons aujourd'hui les premières conséquences. Ce n'est pas uniquement notre démocratie qui en est affaiblie. Ce n'est pas seulement une institution importante, bien qu'éphémère, qui se retrouve menacée. Si le peuple n'a pas la possibilité de s'occuper de ses propres affaires, le pays sera incapable de faire face aux menaces auxquelles il est confronté comme les guerres inutiles, le changement climatique, les bas salaires à l'international, les banquiers cupides et les personnalités politiques corrompues.

Prions donc tous pour nos frères américains qui souffrent dans l'Oklahoma. Et prions pour que nous soyons capables de faire la différence entre les désastres inévitables engendrés par la main de Dieu et ceux dont nous sommes les uniques responsables et que nous devrions donc pouvoir contrôler. Et prions pour les enfants.

VOIR AUSSI
Des vidéos des tornades du moi de mai aux États-Unis

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  • Birth Of The May 20, 2013 Tornado In Newcastle, Okla.

  • Incredible Oklahoma Tornado

  • Rozel, Kansas

  • Shawnee, Oklahoma

  • Viola, Kansas

  • Carney, Oklahoma

  • Edmond, Oklahoma

  • Moore, Oklahoma

  • Wellston, Oklahoma

  • Edmond, Oklahoma

  • Massive Tornado Levels Oklahoma City Suburb

    A day after tornadoes began sweeping the midwest, an Oklahoma city suburb has been hit by a massive tornado. This story will be updated.

  • Footage Shows Aftermath Of Oklahoma Tornado

    At least one tornado touched down near Oklahoma City on Monday, only one day after a tornado killed two in Shawnee.

  • Elementary School Destroyed By Tornado In Oklahoma

    Elementary School Destroyed By Tornado In Oklahoma

  • Heavy Tornado Damage in Shawnee, Oklahoma

    A tornado that hit Oklahoma late Sunday did heavy damage to the town of Shawnee. Reports of injuries could not immediately be confirmed. (May 19)

  • Raw: Tornado on the Ground in Oklahoma

    The day after tornadoes killed two people in Oklahoma, a new tornado was spotted on the ground in Newcastle. (May 20)

  • Raw: Aftermath of Massive Tornado in Oklahoma

    A mile-wide tornado churned through the Oklahoma City suburbs, destroying homes for the second day in a row Monday, as part of a severe weather outbreak that was expected to spread to other parts of the Plains and Midwest. (May 20)

  • Raw: House Burns After Massive Oklahoma Tornado

    Television footage shows flattened buildings and at least one fire after a mile-wide tornado tore through the Oklahoma City area. Video shows homes and buildings in Moore, Okla. reduced to rubble and vehicles littered roadways. (May 20)

 
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