Elie Barnavi

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Dix réflexions à chaud sur une opération inachevée

Publication: 22/11/2012 09:50

1. L'opération israélienne à Gaza était prévisible, en fait inéluctable. Il n'est pas nécessaire d'être un chaud partisan de Binyamin Netanyahou pour lui donner raison lorsqu'il fait remarquer qu'aucun pays n'accepterait de laisser vivre une partie de sa population sous la terreur quotidienne des bombardements.

2. Gratifier ce harcèlement du beau mot de "résistance" est abusif. Les tirs quasi quotidiens de roquettes sur les localités du sud du pays ne constituent pas une réaction au blocus imposé par Israël. C'est le contraire qui est vrai.

Quoi que l'on pense du blocus, de son efficacité et de ses implications politiques et morales, c'est lui qui fut imposé en réaction aux tirs de roquettes inaugurés par les organisations islamistes, Hamas en tête, dès le lendemain du "désengagement" d'Israël de la bande de Gaza à l'été 2005.

Il n'était pas fatal qu'il en fût ainsi. Le retrait unilatéral total, militaire et civil, d'Israël abandonnait ce territoire à la souveraineté palestinienne. Le Hamas, qui s'en est emparé par la force deux ans plus tard, en a fait une vaste rampe de lancement d'engins sur les localités israéliennes avoisinantes.

3. Le harcèlement de ces localités répond à un double objectif. Le premier est interne et relève de la dynamique du pouvoir dans un territoire exigu que se disputent les factions palestiniennes -le Hamas et le Fatah dans un premier temps, puis, après la défaite et l'expulsion de ce dernier, le Hamas et le Djihad islamique, enfin, ces deux-là et plusieurs bandes djihadistes qui ont pris pied dans le territoire après la révolution égyptienne et l'effondrement de l'autorité du Caire dans la péninsule du Sinaï. Le second, externe, vise à établir une sorte d'équilibre de la terreur entre le gouvernement islamiste et Israël.

4. L'intensité de l'affrontement est variable. L'intervalle entre les accès de fièvre aussi, mais le modèle est toujours le même: une phase de calme relatif; une opération israélienne contre une cellule terroriste ou une série de provocations qui attirent une riposte israélienne plus ou moins vigoureuse, dont l'intensité est déterminée par la gravité desdites provocations ainsi que par des considérations militaires et diplomatiques; des efforts de médiation, notamment égyptiens; le rétablissement d'une trêve, qui sera elle-même rompue par une nouvelle flambée de violence...

5. Dans le jeu à somme nulle entre le Hamas et Israël, chacun joue avec ce qu'il a. C'est un jeu asymétrique, dans lequel les adversaires n'obéissent pas aux mêmes règles. Tsahal utilise son énorme force de frappe pour neutraliser la capacité balistique de milices islamistes; ses cibles sont militaires, et les victimes civiles collatérales, insupportablement nombreuses voici quatre ans, bien moins aujourd'hui, sont dues à la proximité voulue des installations militaires -dépôts de munitions, rampes de lancement, quartiers généraux- et des populations civiles. Les islamistes, eux, prennent délibérément pour cible les populations civiles.

6. Depuis la dernière offensive majeure de Tsahal, l'opération dite "Plomb durci" de novembre 2008, le rapport des forces a peu changé. Certes, les islamistes ont depuis reçu des missiles iraniens Fajr 5, capables, comme nous l'avons vu, d'atteindre le cœur du pays. Pour autant, en termes purement militaires, le Hamas ne fait pas le poids face à Tsahal.

Mais un rapport de forces est rarement une affaire purement militaire. La capacité de dissuasion est au moins autant une question de politique, de diplomatie, voire de psychologie. En l'occurrence, le Hamas sait que des morts à Tel-Aviv signifieraient pour lui le déluge. Et Israël sait que, l'Egypte de Morsi n'étant plus celle de Moubarak, le coût diplomatique d'une élimination du Hamas risque de se s'avérer exorbitant.

7. Alors, quels peuvent être leurs buts de guerre? Pour le Hamas, assurer son emprise sur le territoire au détriment des milices islamistes concurrentes et survivre face à Israël en imposant à l'Etat hébreu un équilibre de forces aussi favorable que possible. Pour Israël, réduire la capacité de nuisance du Hamas en détruisant son potentiel militaire et en désorganisant sa chaîne de commandement, et imposer une période de calme aussi longue que possible le long de sa frontière méridionale.

C'est une ambition réduite a minima. Mais, coincé qu'il entre des voisins qui se trouvent tous, à un degré ou un autre, emportés par une vague islamiste qui semble irrésistible, il lui faut se contenter de ce qu'il peut obtenir.

8. A l'heure où je rédige ses lignes, ses chances d'y parvenir sont difficiles à évaluer. Au plan militaire, la destruction de la plupart des missiles de type Fajr 5, ainsi que des rampes de lancement, des entrepôts et des ateliers d'assemblage, porte sans conteste un coup dur au Hamas, tout en restaurant, à un degré malaisé à évaluer, la force de dissuasion de Tsahal. Ce fut une opération nécessaire.

En revanche, l'assassinat spectaculaire au tout début de l'opération d'Ahmed Jabbari, le chef de sa branche militaire, était assurément un exploit du Shin Beth, mais il peut s'avérer coûteux en vies humaines.

A n'en pas douter, l'homme n'était pas un Juste parmi les nations et il avait du sang israélien sur les mains jusqu'aux coudes. Mais l'environnement politique et diplomatique est très différent de celui qui prévalait lors de la première Intifada, quand l'élimination des chefs du Hamas a contribué à mettre un terme aux attentats suicides. Aujourd'hui, l'organisation islamiste est au pouvoir à Gaza, et les Frères musulmans dont elle procède sont au pouvoir au Caire.

9. Ce qui est vrai pour les assassinats ciblés l'est d'autant plus pour les opérations terrestres. Il faut espérer que le gouvernement d'Israël ne pas se laissera pas tenter par une invasion du territoire, dont on sait comment elle commence mais jamais comment elle finit. En effet, l'occupation à long terme de la bande de Gaza étant évidemment exclue, on voit mal ce qu'Israël aura à gagner d'une opération qui multipliera d'inévitables bavures et lui coûtera le peu de compréhension dont il bénéficie encore dans les chancelleries et les opinions publiques occidentales.

10. Le chef du gouvernement, Benjamin Netanyahou, et Ehud Barak, son ministre de la Défense, feraient bien de garder en mémoire cette vérité sans cesse vérifiée: toute guerre soude les peuples autour de ses leaders, et celle-ci ne fait pas exception à la règle. A en croire le dernier sondage, publié ce lundi 19 novembre dans Haaretz, 84% des Israéliens approuvent l'opération "Pilier de défense".

Mais ils ne sont que 30% à souhaiter une intervention terrestre. Il suffit de peu de chose, un bilan humain soudainement alourdi chez soi, une bavure plus monstrueuse que d'autres chez l'adversaire, un déboire diplomatique particulièrement mal venu, pour que le vent tourne et que la même opinion publique montre ses dents. Levitas popularis...

Surtout, ils devraient comprendre enfin qu'on ne peut à la fois étriller militairement le Hamas et politiquement l'Autorité palestinienne. Si l'on ne veut ni de l'une ni de l'autre, qui restera-t-il face à Israël? Al-Qaïda?

Voyez les photos de nos collègues américains

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  • Zaka volunteers and rescue personnel carry the plastic wrapped body of a victim from an apartment building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • The parents of 11 month-old Palestinian baby Ahmed Masharawi, killed in an Israeli strike, hold his body during his funeral in Gaza City, Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • People run to a safe place, as siren sounds warn for incoming rockets from the Gaza Strip, near the building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • Blood stains on a shoe and on a shirt in apartment in a building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • A Zaka volunteers clean blood stains from a children's room in an apartment in a building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • Zaka volunteers clean blood stains from a children's room in apartment building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • Zaka volunteers clean blood stains from a pillow and a baby toy in a children's room in apartment building that was hit by a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip, where three people were killed in Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel, Kiryat Malachi, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Militants in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed three Israelis on Thursday in a rocket attack liable to deepen a bruising Israeli air, naval and artillery offensive against Palestinian rocket squads. The casualties were the first in Israel since it launched its operation on Wednesday with the assassination of Hamas’ top military commander. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli Zaka emergency services volunteers clean human remains from a house hit by a rocket fired by Palestinian militants killing 3 people in southern city of Kiryat Malahi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli Zaka emergency services volunteers wheel the body of an Israeli killed when a house was hit by a rocket fired by Palestinian militants into an ambulance in the southern Israeli city of Kiryat Malahi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli Zaka emergency services volunteers clean human remains from a house hit by a rocket fired by Palestinian militants killing 3 people in southern city of Kiryat Malahi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike in the northern Gaza Strip, seen from the Israel Gaza Border, southern Israel,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Israeli Zaka emergency services volunteers carry out a dead body from a house hit by a rocket fired by Palestinian militants killing 3 people in southern city of Kiryat Malahi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/DAVID BUIMOVITCH (Photo credit should read DAVID BUIMOVITCH/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN-GAZA-CONFLICT

    An Israeli reacts after a rocket launched from Gaza strip hit a building killing 3 people in the city of Kiryat Malachi on November 15, 2012. The attack on Kiryat Malachi was claimed by Hamas's armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades in a statement on its website as tensions escalated between Israel and Gaza after the Israeli military carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas on November 14. AFP PHOTO/DAVID BUIMOVITCH (Photo credit should read DAVID BUIMOVITCH/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian medics carry a wounded man into the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian medics carry a wounded baby into the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian men evacuate an elderly woman following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012 in Gaza City. A top Hamas commander was among seven people killed in more than 20 Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, as Israel began an operation targeting militant groups. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Jihad Masharawi

    Jihad Masharawi weeps while he holds the body of his 11-month old son Ahmad, at Shifa hospital following an Israeli air strike on their family house, in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. The Israeli military said its assassination of the Hamas military commander Ahmed Jabari, marks the beginning of an operation against Gaza militants. (Picture EYEVINE)

  • Jihad Masharawi weeps while he holds the body of his 11-month old son Ahmad, at Shifa hospital following an Israeli air strike on their family house, in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. The Israeli military said its assassination of the Hamas military commander Ahmed Jabari, marks the beginning of an operation against Gaza militants. (AP Photo/Majed Hamdan)

  • A Palestinian boy holds a window pane taken from a damaged house hit in an Israeli strike, in Gaza City, Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Israeli aircraft, tanks and naval gunboats pounded the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip and rocket salvoes thudded into southern Israel, as residents on both sides of the frontier holed up at home in anticipation of heavy fighting on the second day of Israel's offensive against Islamic militants. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • A Palestinian youth walks through a damaged apartment hit in an Israeli strike, in Gaza City ,Thursday, Nov. 15, 2012. Israeli aircraft, tanks and naval gunboats pounded the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip and rocket salvoes thudded into southern Israel, as residents on both sides of the frontier holed up at home in anticipation of heavy fighting on the second day of Israel's offensive against Islamic militants. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian youths evacuate an elderly man following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012 in Gaza City. A top Hamas commander was among seven people killed in more than 20 Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, as Israel began an operation targeting militant groups. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike on a house in Gaza City, on November 14, 2012. Israel killed a top Hamas military commander in a targeted strike in Gaza , prompting outrage from militants who said the Jewish state had opened 'the gates of hell.' AFP PHOTO/HOSAM SALEM (Photo credit should read HOSAM SALEM/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian medics wheel a wounded man into the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike on a house in Gaza City, on November 14, 2012. Israel killed a top Hamas military commander in a targeted strike in Gaza , prompting outrage from militants who said the Jewish state had opened 'the gates of hell.' AFP PHOTO/HOSAM SALEM (Photo credit should read HOSAM SALEM/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian civilians leave their houses following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012 in Gaza City. A top Hamas commander was among seven people killed in more than 20 Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, as Israel began an operation targeting militant groups. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinian firefighters extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinians extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinian medics wheel a wounded boy into the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on November 14, 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinian firefighters extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinians extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinians extinguish fire from the car of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after it was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    GRAPHIC CONTENT Palestinian security forces wheel into a hospital the body of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after the car he was riding was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. The top Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabari was killed in an Israeli air strike , medics and a Hamas source told . AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    GRAPHIC CONTENT Palestinian men carry the body of baby to the al-shifa hospital in Gaza City following an Israeli air strike on 14 November 2012. An Israeli strike that killed Hamas's top commander in Gaza is only 'the beginning' of an operation to target militant groups in the strip, a military spokeswoman said. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinian youths look inside a building where the body of Ahmaed Jaabari, head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, was brought to after the car he was riding was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. An Israeli air strike killed the senior Hamas military commander in Gaza City, prompting a furious response from militants who said it had opened 'the gates of hell.' AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA-JAABARI

    Palestinian men react as security forces wheel into a hospital the body of Ahmaed Jaabari (unseen), head of the military wing of the Hamas movement, the Ezzedin Qassam Brigades, after the car he was riding was hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City on November 14, 2012. An Israeli air strike killed the senior Hamas military commander in Gaza City, prompting a furious response from militants who said it had opened 'the gates of hell.' AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A Palestinian youth walks amid destruction following an Israeli air strike on a residential neighbourhood in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows Gaza City in the early hours of the morning with what appears to be warning statements released by Israeli military planes on November 15, 2012. The UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions between Israel and the Palestinian territory of Gaza after Israel carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on Gaza, killing the military commander for Hamas, which controls the territory. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike on the northern Gaza Strip on November 15, 2012. Israel continued its airstrikes on Gaza in the early morning in an operation which started on November 14 with the killing of top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA

    Smoke rises following an Israeli air strike on the northern Gaza Strip on November 15, 2012. Israel continued its airstrikes on Gaza in the early morning in an operation which started on November 14 with the killing of top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes. AFP PHOTO/MOHAMMED ABED (Photo credit should read MOHAMMED ABED/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinians inspect an area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows a crater at a sport targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows destruction in a residential area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinians inspect a destroyed building in an area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A picture taken from the southern Israeli town of Sderot shows smoke billowing from a spot targeted by an Israeli air strike inside the Gaza strip on November 15, 2012. The UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions between Israel and Gaza after Israel carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas, which controls the territory. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows a crater at a sport targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinians inspect a destroyed building in an area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A general view shows destruction in a residential area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A picture taken from the southern Israeli town of Sderot shows an Israeli air force A-4N Skyhawk dropping a bomb over the Gaza strip on November 15, 2012. The UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions between Israel and Gaza after Israel carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas, which controls the territory. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A picture taken from the southern Israeli town of Sderot shows smoke billowing from a spot targeted by an Israeli air strike inside the Gaza strip on November 15, 2012. Rockets were launched by Palestinian militants in Gaza into Israel amid a vast Israeli operation against Gaza militants which began on November 14 with the killing of a top Hamas chief along with ten other Palestinians. AFP PHOTO/JACK GUEZ (Photo credit should read JACK GUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Palestinians inspect an area targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City in the early hours of November 15, 2012. Israel killed on November 14 top Hamas commander Ahmed Jaabari, followed by what Palestinians said were at least 60 Israeli air strikes in which several people were killed and wounded as the UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    A Palestinian man sits amid the rubble in his bombed house following an Israeli air strike on Gaza City on November 15, 2012. The UN Security Council held a late night emergency meeting on escalating tensions between Israel and Gaza after Israel carried out more than 20 air strikes and sea artillery attacks on the Palestinian territory, killing the military commander for Hamas, which controls the territory. AFP PHOTO/MAHMUD HAMS (Photo credit should read MAHMUD HAMS/AFP/Getty Images)

 
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