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Hong Kong: manifestation monstre pour la paix après les violences, nouveaux heurts avec la police

04/10/2014 11:21 EDT | Actualisé 04/10/2014 11:21 EDT
AP

De nouveaux heurts ont éclaté dimanche matin entre des manifestants et la police, non loin du centre de Hong Kong où des dizaines de milliers de manifestants prodémocratie se sont massés pour dénoncer les violences commises à leur encontre.

Tandis que le mouvement protestataire entrait dans sa 7e nuit, des foules immenses se sont pressées samedi soir dans le quartier d'Admiralty, près du siège du pouvoir de l'ancienne colonie britannique, pour protester contre les heurts survenus vendredi entre protestataires et habitants excédés auxquels se sont mêlés militants pro-Pékin et hommes de main des triades.

"Paix ! Anti-violence !", scandaient les manifestants. "On peut voir que les gens sont calmes, ce n'est pas comme dans les autres pays où ils incendient et détruisent les voitures", a dit Chris Ng, un manifestant de 36 ans.

Toutefois, nombre de protestataires étaient très remontés contre ce qu'ils perçoivent comme la passivité de la police lors des heurts de vendredi, et les esprits se sont échauffés à nouveau dimanche matin en face de l'île de Hong Kong, à Mong Kok, quartier densément peuplé.

Des manifestants ont encerclé des policiers, en les accusant d'avoir coopéré avec des membres de la mafia, selon des journalistes de l'AFP sur place. La police a répliqué avec du gaz au poivre.

- 'Accusations fabriquées' -

"La police a utilisé du gaz au poivre et du gaz lacrymogène contre des étudiants pacifiques, mais où est le gaz au poivre et le gaz lacrymogène pour arroser ceux qui sont violents avec nous ?", avait lancé plus tôt par haut-parleur un manifestant, Lau Tung-kok, sous les applaudissements, lors du rassemblement à Admiralty.

La situation est restée tendue toute la journée de samedi sur les trois sites occupés par les manifestants, qui ont renforcé leurs barricades de peur d'une répétition des affrontements de la veille. Ces derniers avaient fait une dizaine de blessés, tandis que la police a annoncé l'arrestation de 19 personnes, dont huit individus soupçonnés de liens avec les triades, la mafia chinoise.

Les autorités ont démenti toute collusion avec ces groupes mafieux qui sévissent traditionnellement dans le trafic de stupéfiants, la prostitution, les tripots et l'extorsion mais qui, à Hong Kong, investissent de plus en plus dans l'immobilier ou la finance.

Il s'agit "d'accusations fabriquées de toutes pièces et très excessives", a lancé avec colère le ministre de la Sécurité Lai Tung-kwok.

Des députés prodémocratie ont accusé le pouvoir de s'être servi de ces malfaiteurs pour tenter de disperser les manifestants.

En raison du climat déletère, les étudiants, fer de lance du mouvement, avaient renoncé à négocier avec le gouvernement. Ils ont indiqué tôt dimanche que le dialogue pourrait reprendre, sous certaines conditions.

Toutefois, l'ambiance festive des premiers jours a cédé le pas à l'angoisse parmi les manifestants, qui réclament l'instauration du suffrage universel plein et entier et la démission du chef de l'exécutif Leung Chun-ying.

Dans un discours retransmis à la la télévision, M. Leung a dit sa détermination à régler la situation d'ici à lundi, quand la ville reprendra le chemin du travail.

"Le gouvernement et la police ont le devoir et la détermination de prendre toutes les mesures nécessaires pour rétablir l'ordre public afin que le gouvernement et les quelque sept millions d'habitants de Honk Kong puissent retrouver une activité et une vie normales", a-t-il déclaré.

Les manifestants occupent depuis une semaine plusieurs sites stratégiques dans les quartiers administratifs, financiers et commerçants de Hong Kong. Ils bloquent également des routes et de grandes artères vitales.

L'ancienne colonie britannique traverse sa plus grave crise politique depuis sa rétrocession à la Chine en 1997. Si la Chine a accepté d'instaurer le suffrage universel lors de la prochaine élection du chef de l'exécutif en 2017, elle entend conserver le contrôle des candidatures, une proposition inacceptable pour les manifestants.

La Chine, qui craint la contagion démocratique, a durci sa censure contre les réseaux sociaux. Des dizaines de militants ont été arrêtés ces derniers jours pour avoir soutenu les manifestants de Hong Kong, selon des associations de défense des droits de l'Homme.

Selon sa famille, l'artiste pékinois Wang Zang, connu pour ses poèmes évoquant la répression meurtrière du mouvement de Tiananmen en 1989 et pour ses mises en scène provocatrices, a aussi été arrêté.

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  • ADDITION -HONG KONG-CHINA-DEMOCRACY
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    ADDITION \nCivic Party member Ken Tsang, one of Hong Kong\'s pro-democracy political groups, is taken away by policemen, before being allegedly beaten up by police forces as seen on local TV footage shot outside the central government offices in Hong Kong on early October 15, 2014. Hong Kong police vowed on October 14 to tear down more street barricades manned by pro-democracy protesters, hours after hundreds of officers armed with chainsaws and boltcutters partially cleared two major roads occupied for a fortnight. AFP PHOTO / Philippe Lopez (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE LOPEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
  • ADDITION -HONG KONG-CHINA-DEMOCRACY
    PHILIPPE LOPEZ via Getty Images
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    ASSOCIATED PRESS
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    Police officers push the protesters out to a nearby park to clear the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weeks long political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
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  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Protesters raise their hands up as police officers push them out to a nearby park at the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weeks long political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers clear the metal safety barriers at the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weeks long political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers push the protesters out to a nearby park to clear the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weekslong political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers request the protesters to move to a nearby park at the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weekslong political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • APTOPIX Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers move forward to push protesters out to a nearby park to clear the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weekslong political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers push protesters out to a nearby park to clear the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weekslong political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers push the protesters out to a nearby park to clear the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weekslong political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers push the protesters out to a nearby park to clear the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weekslong political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • APTOPIX Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers push protesters out to a nearby park to clear the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weekslong political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Police officers push protesters out to a nearby park to clear the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Hundreds of Hong Kong police officers moved in early Wednesday to clear pro-democracy protesters out of a tunnel outside the city government headquarters in the latest escalation of tensions in a weeklong political crisis. Officers, many of them in riot gear and wielding pepper spray, tore down barricades and concrete slabs around the underpass. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Demonstrators block the main road with tires outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Pro-democracy activists clashed with police and barricaded a tunnel near Hong Kong\'s government headquarters late Tuesday, expanding their protest zone again after being cleared out of some other streets in the latest escalation of tensions in a weeklong political crisis. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Demonstrators block the underpass with concrete slabs taken from drainage ditches at the main roads outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Pro-democracy activists clashed with police and barricaded a tunnel near Hong Kong\'s government headquarters late Tuesday, expanding their protest zone again after being cleared out of some other streets in the latest escalation of tensions in a week long political crisis. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
  • HONG KONG-CHINA-DEMOCRACY
    PHILIPPE LOPEZ via Getty Images
    Pro-democracy protesters are seen on a road they block with concrete blocks displayed in the shape of an umbrella outside the central government offices in Hong Kong on October 15, 2014. Hong Kong police vowed on October 14 to tear down more street barricades manned by pro-democracy protesters, hours after hundreds of officers armed with chainsaws and boltcutters partially cleared two major roads occupied for a fortnight. AFP PHOTO / Philippe Lopez (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE LOPEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
  • HONG KONG-CHINA-DEMOCRACY
    PHILIPPE LOPEZ via Getty Images
    A pro-democracy protester is attended after getting pepper sprayed by police forces outside the central government offices in Hong Kong on October 15, 2014. Hong Kong police vowed on October 14 to tear down more street barricades manned by pro-democracy protesters, hours after hundreds of officers armed with chainsaws and boltcutters partially cleared two major roads occupied for a fortnight. AFP PHOTO / Philippe Lopez (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE LOPEZ/AFP/Getty Images)
  • Hong Kong Democracy Protest
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    A demonstrator carries a tire as others blocked the main road with tires outside government headquarters in Hong Kong\'s Admiralty, Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2014. Pro-democracy activists clashed with police and barricaded a tunnel near Hong Kong\'s government headquarters late Tuesday, expanding their protest zone again after being cleared out of some other streets in the latest escalation of tensions in a weekslong political crisis. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)