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Ukraine: reprise des recherches sur le site de l'écrasement du MH17, perturbées la veille par des tirs

02/08/2014 10:00 EDT | Actualisé 02/10/2014 05:12 EDT
BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
Dutch experts collect evidence as they examine the area of the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 plane crash in the village of Hrabove (Grabovo), some 80km east of Donetsk, on August 2, 2014. Shelling on August 2, 2014 forced international experts to abandon part of the crash scene of the downed Malaysia Airlines jet in east Ukraine as sniffer dogs working elsewhere on the vast site helped uncover the remains of more victims. 298 people were killed when the Malaysian airliner was shot down over Ukraine on July 17. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)

Des dizaines d'experts doivent reprendre dimanche leurs recherches de restes humains et de débris sur le site du crash du vol MH17, secoué la veille par des tirs d'artillerie qui ont perturbé leur travail dans cette zone d'Ukraine contrôlée par les séparatistes prorusses.

A Grabové, où sont tombés les débris de l'avion le 17 juillet, des dizaines d'enquêteurs néerlandais, australiens et malaisiens ont passé plusieurs heures samedi à s'affairer dans les morceaux épars du Boeing sous la surveillance de rebelles armés, a constaté une journaliste de l'AFP.

Des chiens renifleurs étaient également sur place à la recherche des restes de victimes, qui constituent la priorité à ce stade plutôt que l'élucidation des causes de la catastrophe.

Un petit groupe d'experts qui s'était rendu sur une autre partie du site à la recherche de morceaux de fuselage a choisi en revanche de quitter les lieux alors que des explosions dues à des tirs d'artillerie se rapprochaient, a indiqué l'OSCE (Organisation pour la sécurité et la coopération en Europe) qui encadre l'équipe d'experts.

"C'était suffisamment proche pour que nous décidions de partir, l'impact des tirs d'artillerie était très bruyant et le sol tremblait", a expliqué à la presse Alexander Hug, chef adjoint de la mission en Ukraine de l'OSCE.

En revanche, sur la partie du site où sont menées les recherches les plus actives, les travaux ont pu continuer malgré des tirs de mortiers entendus à distance et ont permis de mettre à jour de nouveaux restes humains, pour le deuxième jour consécutif, a indiqué la mission néerlandaise dans un communiqué.

Les restes doivent être soumis à un premier examen médico-légal à Kharkiv, plus au nord, avant de rejoindre les Pays-Bas à des fins d'identification.

Les victimes de la catastrophe aérienne ont été honorées samedi à la célèbre Gay Pride sur les canaux d'Amsterdam. Des collègues des spécialistes du sida morts dans le crash brandissaient des pancartes sur lesquelles on pouvait lire: "A la mémoire de nos collègues du MH17".

Six spécialistes du sida, dont l'expert néerlandais Joep Lange, se trouvaient à bord de l'avion de Malaysia Airlines. Ils se rendaient à une conférence sur le sida à Melbourne, en Australie.

La chute du Boeing, abattu par un missile le 17 juillet avec 298 personnes à bord dont 193 Néerlandais, a provoqué un choc dans le monde entier et conduit à l'introduction de sanctions contre Moscou qui touchent les secteurs vitaux de l'économie.

Tirs meurtriers à Donetsk

Les combats font rage dans l'Est, où l'armée tente de couper les séparatistes des zones frontalières. Elle est parvenue ces dernières semaines à les repousser autour de leurs principaux bastions: Donetsk, Lougansk ou encore Gorlivka.

Les forces ukrainiennes ont repris en 24 heures aux insurgés deux localités situées à une vingtaine de kilomètres à l'est de Donetsk : Krasnogorivka et Staromykhaïlivka, selon un porte-parole militaire ukrainien.

A Donetsk, des tirs d'artillerie d'origine indéterminée ont détruit plusieurs immeubles et une école. Une correspondante de l'AFP a vu le corps sans vie d'une femme sur les lieux.

Lougansk, ville qui comptait 500.000 habitants avant le début des hostilités, se trouve "bloquée et isolée" et "au bord d'une catastrophe humanitaire", a averti samedi le maire Serguiï Kravtchenko dans un communiqué. Il n'y a pas de couloir humanitaire sécurisé pour permettre aux habitants de quitter la ville pourtant privée d'électricité, d'eau et de communications, a-t-il dénoncé.

Samedi, des centaines de Russes se sont rassemblés à Moscou pour appeler le président Vladimir Poutine à "passer à l'action" en Ukraine, en y envoyant des troupes de maintien de la paix, afin de mettre un terme à l'effusion de sang dans l'est de cette ex-république soviétique.

INOLTRE SU HUFFPOST

  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    Belongings of victims are pictured at the crash site of the Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    Saees of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 are pictured at the crash site, in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A part of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is pictured in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A part of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is pictured in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    Stretchers are pictured near the crash site of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A part of the fuselage of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is pictured in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A photo taken on July 23, 2014 shows the crash site of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A photo taken on July 23, 2014 shows the crash site of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A part of the fuselage of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is pictured in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A photo taken on July 23, 2014 shows the crash site of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A photo taken on July 23, 2014 shows the crash site of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A man looks at the debris scattered at the crash site of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A part of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is pictured in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    Victims\' belongings lay scattered at the crash site of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    The toy of a child who died in the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is pictured in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    Belongings of victims are pictured at the crash site of the Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)
  • BULENT KILIC via Getty Images
    A dead parrot is pictured at the crash site of the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, in a field near the village of Grabove, in the Donetsk region, on July 23, 2014. The first bodies from flight MH17 arrived in the Netherlands on July 23 almost a week after it was shot down over Ukraine, with grieving relatives and the king and queen solemnly receiving the as yet unidentified victims. AFP PHOTO/ BULENT KILIC (Photo credit should read BULENT KILIC/AFP/Getty Images)