Le Vénézuela pourrait avoir raté l'embaumement d'Hugo Chavez. Le président par intérim Nicolas Maduro a indiqué mercredi 13 mars qu'il serait "très difficile" d'embaumer le corps, car les procédures nécessaires auraient dû être entamées "beaucoup plus tôt" après son décès d'un cancer le 5 mars.

"Nous avons reçu des scientifiques de très haut niveau, les meilleurs du monde, de Russie et d'Allemagne (...) Les notes et les avis scientifiques nous indiquent qu'il va être très difficile de le faire car les préparatifs auraient déjà dû être entamés et la décision aurait dû être prise beaucoup plus tôt", a déclaré Nicolas Maduro à la télévision nationale.

Ces "difficultés pourraient empêcher de faire ce qui a été fait pour Lénine, Ho Chi Minh ou Mao Tse-Toung, a-t-il poursuit. (...) Nous sommes au milieu de la procédure. C'est compliqué, c'est mon devoir de vous en informer".

Pas de corps "pour l'éternité"?

Trois jours après le décès du président Chavez, le même Maduro avait annoncé que son corps serait embaumé "pour l'éternité".

"Ce qui compte, c'est qu'ils ne tardent pas (à choisir l'embaumeur d'Hugo Chavez). Plus ils attendent, plus ce sera difficile", avait averti Frank Malabed, célèbre aux Philippines pour avoir embaumé le dictateur Ferdinand Marcos (décédé en 1989 et exposé dans un cercueil de verre sur les terres de sa famille). "Les méthodes employées dépendront de l'état du corps de Hugo Chavez", avait-t-il précisé.

Depuis sa mort, des millions de Vénézueliens ont pu voir la dépouille d'Hugo Chavez exposée dans un cercueil vitré à l'Académie militaire de Caracas. Les funérailles officielles ont eu lieu le 8 mars mais les procédures de l'embaumement n'étaient visiblement pas terminées.

Le corps du président défunt doit être transféré vendredi 15 mars dans un musée situé dans une ancienne caserne au coeur d'un bastion chaviste, le quartier déshérité du 23 de Enero ("23 janvier"), dans l'ouest de la capitale. La dépouille sera accompagnée au cours de cette procession par des milliers de personnes.

Le gouvernement avait fait part de son souhait de transférer son corps embaumé au Panthéon national, aux côtés du héros national, le "libérateur" Simon Bolivar. Il devait déposer mardi un amendement constitutionnel en ce sens à l'Assemblée nationale, mais le dépôt de cet amendement a été différé.

Une élection présidentielle anticipée a été convoquée pour le 14 avril après le décès du président Chavez. Le scrutin devrait se résumer à un duel entre Nicolas Maduro, l'héritier politique du "commandante", et le gouverneur de l'Etat de Miranda et chef de file de l'opposition, Henrique Capriles.

Loading Slideshow...
  • Vladimir Lénine (1870-1924)

    A la mort du dirigeant soviétique, le 21 janvier 1924, son successeur Staline décide, contre l'avis du défunt et de ses proches, d'embaumer son corps selon une méthode unique et de l'exposer au public dans un mausolée construit sur la place Rouge à Moscou. Le mausolée est maintenu à une température de 16,6°C et un taux d'humidité de 70% pour permettre la meilleure conservation du corps placé dans un sarcophage de verre.

  • Mao Tse-tung (1893-1976)

    Le dirigeant chinois, décédé le 9 septembre 1976, est embaumé et exposé dans un cercueil de cristal depuis 1977 dans un mausolée qui est dédié au Grand Timonier place Tiananmen, à Pékin.

  • Kim Jong Il (1941-2011)

    Le fondateur de la Corée du Nord communiste, Kim Il-Sung, est embaumé après sa mort le 8 juillet 1994. Son corps est exposé depuis dans le Palais-mémorial de Kumsusan, ancien palais présidentiel de Pyongyang, transformé en mausolée. Le corps de son fils Kim Jong-Il qui lui a succédé à la tête du pays, connaît le même destin à sa mort le 17 décembre 2011.

  • Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969)

    Alors qu'il voulait que ses cendres soient dispersées au-dessus de son pays, le père du Vietnam moderne est embaumé à sa mort le 2 septembre 1969. Son corps, préservé dans le froid, sous un sarcophage de verre, est exposé depuis 1975 dans un mausolée à sa gloire, à Hanoï.

  • Klement Gottwald (1896 -1953)

    (Premier président de la Tchécoslovaquie communiste)

  • Joseph Stalin (1878-1953)

    A sa mort, le 5 mars 1953, le dirigeant soviétique est embaumé et exposé dans le mausolée de Lénine. Son corps en est toutefois retiré en 1961 dans le cadre de la campagne de déstalinisation menée par Khrouchtchev. Staline est alors enterré dans un petit cimetière réservé aux dignitaires, juste derrière le mausolée.

  • Ferdinand Marcos (1917-1989)

    Le dictateur philippin, déchu en 1986 et exilé à Hawaï (Etats-Unis) avec son épouse Imelda, est embaumé à sa mort le 28 septembre 1989. Son corps est exposé dans un cercueil de verre sur les terres familiales à Hawaï.

  • Princess Diana (1961- 1997)

  • Hugo Chavez (1954-2013)

    Si la procédure aboutit.

Loading Slideshow...
  • Hugo Chavez

    Hugo Chávez con uniforme militar, antes de ser presidente, en esa imagen sin fecha cuando purgaba cárcel en la prisión Yare II cerca de Caracas, Venezuela. La foto fue difundida por el Palacio de Miraflores. (AP Foto/Oficina de prensa de Miraflores)

  • FILE - In an Oct. 12, 2012 file photo Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez is flanked by portraits of Venezuelan independence hero Simon Bolivar, during a press conference at the Miraflores palace in Caracas, Venezuela. Chavez returned home to Venezuela early Monday Feb. 18, 2012, after more than two months of medical treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd, file)

  • Hugo Chavez, Ian James

    Hugo Chávez (der) conversa con el periodista de AP Ian James durante un recorrido por el estado de Apure el 10 de junio del 2007 en Venezuela. El presidente venezolano manejó lal camioneta todoterreno en que se movilizaron. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Hugo Chavez

    En esta fotografía del 11 de octubre de 2011, el presidente de Venezuela Hugo Chávez, en el palacio presidencial de Miraflores, apunta a su cabeza para mostrar que su cabello ha comenzado a crecer nuevamente luego de su última ronda de quimioterapia. (Foto AP/Ariana Cubillos/Archivo)

  • Hugo Chavez, Rosa Virginia Chavez, Maria Gabriela Chavez

    In this photo released Friday, Feb. 15, 2013 by Miraflores Presidential Press Office, Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez, center, poses for a photo with his daughters, Maria Gabriela, left, and Rosa Virginia at an unknown location in Havana, Cuba, Thursday, Feb. 14, 2013. Chavez remains in Havana undergoing unspecified treatments following his fourth cancer-related operation on Dec. 11. He has hasn't been seen or spoken publicly in more than two months. (AP Photo/Miraflores Presidential Press Office)

  • People ride in a bus that has a window covered with the Spanish Words "Chavez forever" near the military hospital where Chavez is allegedly receiving treatment in Caracas, Venezuela, Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013. The government hasn't released a single photo of Chavez since his return from Cuba on Monday, and that has some Venezuelans doubting whether he's in the hospital. Others insist he is there, just out of sight while undergoing treatment. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • People hold up candles during candlelight vigil for Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez to pray for his health as he remains in a hospital undergoing cancer treatment, in Caracas, Venezuela, Friday, Feb. 22, 2013. Chavez's supporters gathered on a large staircase in a hillside park near the presidential palace, lighting candles and singing along with a recording of Chavez singing the national anthem. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • A woman holds a candle along with a poster of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez at a candlelight vigil to pray for his health as he remains in a hospital undergoing cancer treatment, in Caracas, Venezuela, Friday, Feb. 22, 2013. The Venezuelan government provided an update on Chavez's condition Thursday night, saying that he remained at a military hospital in Caracas and that "the medical treatment for the fundamental illness continues without presenting significant adverse effects." (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • Supporters of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez stand by a banner of him during a small gathering of supporters near the military hospital in Caracas, Venezuela, Tuesday, Feb. 26, 2013. The government said last week that the country's ailing president was continuing unspecified medical treatments at the military hospital in Caracas. Chavez's sudden return to Venezuela after more than two months of cancer treatments in Cuba has fanned speculation that the president could be preparing to relinquish power and make way for a successor and a new election. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • A poster of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez is seen through a cross-shaped window, from inside the military hospital's chapel, in Caracas, Venezuela, Tuesday, March 5, 2013. A brief statement read on national television by Communications Minister Ernesto Villegas late Monday carried the sobering news about the charismatic 58-year-old leader's deteriorating health. Villegas said Chavez is suffering from "a new, severe infection." The state news agency identified it as respiratory. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • A supporter of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez wipes away tears as she prays for the ailing president at the military hospital's chapel in Caracas, Venezuela, Tuesday, March 5, 2013. A brief statement read on national television by Communications Minister Ernesto Villegas late Monday carried the sobering news about the charismatic 58-year-old leader's deteriorating health. Villegas said Chavez is suffering from "a new, severe infection." The state news agency identified it as respiratory. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • Peatones caminan frente a una pintada sobre el presidente de Venezuela Hugo Chávez en Caracas, Venezuela, el martes 5 de marzo de 2013. Chávez respira con mayor dificultad debido a una nueva y grave infección respiratoria y según el gobierno el estado del mandatario afectado de cáncer de "muy delicado". (AP foto/Ariana Cubillos) -

  • Simpatizantes del presidente de Venezuela Hugo Chávez rezan por la salud del mandatario en la capilla del hospital militar en Caracas, Venezuela, el martes 5 de marzo de 2013. Chávez respira con mayor dificultad debido a una nueva y grave infección respiratoria y según el gobierno el estado del mandatario afectado de cáncer de "muy delicado". (AP foto/Ariana Cubillos)

  • A woman reads a newspaper as she stands by a wall covered with posters showing Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez pictured with his daughters Maria Gabriela, and Rosa Virginia, outside the military hospital in Caracas, Venezuela, Tuesday, March 5, 2013. A brief statement read on national television by Communications Minister Ernesto Villegas late Monday carried the sobering news about the charismatic 58-year-old leader's deteriorating health. Villegas said Chavez is suffering from "a new, severe infection." The state news agency identified it as respiratory. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • A woman prays for Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez at the military hospital's chapel in Caracas, Venezuela, Tuesday, March 5, 2013. A brief statement read on national television by Communications Minister Ernesto Villegas late Monday carried the sobering news about the charismatic 58-year-old leader's deteriorating health. Villegas said Chavez is suffering from "a new, severe infection." The state news agency identified it as respiratory. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • A supporter of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez prays for the ailing president at the military hospital's chapel in Caracas, Venezuela, Tuesday, March 5, 2013. A brief statement read on national television by Communications Minister Ernesto Villegas late Monday carried the sobering news about the charismatic 58-year-old leader's deteriorating health. Villegas said Chavez is suffering from "a new, severe infection." The state news agency identified it as respiratory. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • A woman holding a T-shirt with an image of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez prays at military hospital's chapel in Caracas, Venezuela, Tuesday, March 5, 2013. A brief statement read on national television by Communications Minister Ernesto Villegas late Monday carried the sobering news about the charismatic 58-year-old leader's deteriorating health. Villegas said Chavez is suffering from "a new, severe infection." The state news agency identified it as respiratory.(AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos)

  • Una simpatizante del presidente venezolano Hugo Chávez sostiene una fotografía del mandatario en compañía de sus dos hijas de cuando estaba internado en un hospital en La Habana, Cuba, el 15 de febrero de 2013. El estado de salud de Chávez es “muy delicado” debido a un “empeoramiento” de la función respiratoria y una “severa infección”, anunció el ministro de Comunicación, Ernesto Villegas, el lunes 4 de marzo de 2013. (Foto AP/Fernando Llano)

  • Supporters of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez, one of them holding a sign that reads in Spanish "We are all Chavez," sit after his return to his country at Bolivar square in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery, his government said, triggering street celebrations by supporters who welcomed him home while he remained out of sight at Caracas' military hospital. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • A supporter of Venezuela' s President Hugo Chavez holds up a sign that reads in Spanish "Love with love my president" as she attends a celebration marking his return to his country at Bolivar square in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery, his government said, triggering street celebrations by supporters who welcomed him home while he remained out of sight at Caracas' military hospital. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • A supporter of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez celebrates his return at Bolivar Square in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery, his government said, triggering street celebrations by supporters who welcomed him home while he remained out of sight at the Carlos Arvelo Military Hospital in Caracas, where he will continue his treatment. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • A supporter of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez attends a celebration marking the leader's return, in Bolivar Square, in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. The woman holds a cutout image of Chavez along with a Saint Judas statue and a note that reads in Spanish: "Thank you St. Judas," because she believes her prayers to the Catholic saint helped in the return of the ailing president. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of medical treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery, and was being treated at the Carlos Arvelo Military Hospital in Caracas, his government said. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Supporters of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez celebrate his return to the country at Bolivar square in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of medical treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery, and was being treated at the Caracas' military hospital, his government said. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Supporter of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez celebrates his return at Bolivar Square in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery, his government said, triggering street celebrations by supporters who welcomed him home while he remained out of sight at the Carlos Arvelo Military Hospital in Caracas, where he will continue his treatment. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • A woman holds a painting of President Hugo Chavez as supporters gather around Bolivar square after his return to the country in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of medical treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery. The government didn't offer an explanation as to why Chavez made his surprise return while he is undergoing other treatments that have not been specified.(AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Supporters gather in Bolivar square after President Hugo Chavez' return in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of medical treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery. The government didn't offer an explanation as to why Chavez made his surprise return while he is undergoing other treatments that have not been specified.(AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Supporters of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez celebrate his return to the country outside the military hospital in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, Feb. 18, 2013. Chavez returned to Venezuela early Monday after more than two months of medical treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery. The government didn't offer an explanation as to why Chavez made his surprise return while he is undergoing other treatments that have not been specified.(AP Photo/Fernando Llano)