TUERIE DE NEWTOWN - À chaque nouvelle tuerie, la question se pose avec insistance. Pourquoi est-il si facile de posséder une arme aux États-Unis? Pourquoi et comment un jeune homme de 20 ans peut surgir dans une salle de cinéma près de Denver, armé de deux pistolets et d'un fusil à pompe? Pourquoi et comment un étudiant peut, sur le campus de son université en Virginie, circuler avec trois armes à feu et tuer 32 personnes? Pourquoi et comment Adam Lanza, 20 ans, a pu prendre les armes de sa mère et assassiner froidement 26 personnes dans une école primaire? Pourtant, le débat n'est pas si simple aux États-Unis.

Si Barack Obama appelle à des "mesures significatives"

La tuerie de Newtown est l'un des pires carnages jamais commis dans un établissement scolaire aux Etats-Unis avec 20 enfants et 6 adultes tués. Barack Obama, ému aux larmes, a appelé à des mesures "significatives" pour éviter de nouvelles tragédies quelques heures après la fusillade vendredi 14 décembre alors que la Maison Blanche avait tout d'abord déclaré que ce n'était "pas le jour" pour engager le débat. Après la tuerie d'Aurora, en juillet dernier, le président en campagne pour sa réélection était très silencieux. Cette fois-ci encore, à aucun moment, il n'a utilisé le mot "arme" dans son allocution. Le terrain est miné et Barack Obama le sait bien.


Barack Obama s'exprime avec beaucoup d'émotion... par BFMTV

Mais ses soutiens se sont rapidement manifestés. Le maire de New York, Michael Bloomberg, militant de longue date pour un renforcement de la loi de contrôle des armes à feu, a appelé le président à "envoyer un projet de loi au Congrès". Le réalisateur Michael Moore, Oscar 2003 du meilleur film documentaire pour "Bowling for Columbine", qui revenait sur le massacre du lycée de Columbine (Colorado, ouest), a pour sa part jugé sur Twitter que "la seule manière d'honorer ces enfants morts était d'exiger une réglementation stricte des armes". Au Canada voisin, le chef de l'opposition de gauche, Thomas Mulcair (Nouveau parti démocratique), a estimé que "le temps viendra de réfléchir à ce qui s'est passé et aux moyens à prendre pour empêcher d'autres tragédies semblables". Et une pétition a été lancée sur le site de la Maison Blanche pour un plus grand contrôle du port d'armes. Pétition rapidement suivie d'une autre qui demande à l'inverse la présence systématique d'armes dans les écoles.

Il fait face à un droit constitutionnel et fondamental à se défendre

Les opposants à une telle réforme continuent en effet de souligner que le droit de posséder des armes est inscrit dans la Constitution, dans le fameux Deuxième Amendement, défendu bec et ongles par le lobby des armes. Alan Gottlieb, fondateur de la Fondation pour le Second Amendement, s'est dit auprès de l'AFP "sûr que la personne qui a commis cet horrible crime savait qu'il pouvait y aller et que personne ne pourrait l'arrêter", les écoles étant "des lieux où il est interdit d'avoir des armes". Une défense par l'attaque donc qui n'est pas pour déplaire à un grand nombre d'Américains.

Le deuxième amendement de la Constitution américaine dit: "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed". Autrement dit en français: "Une milice bien organisée étant nécessaire à la sécurité d'un État libre, le droit qu'a le peuple de détenir et de porter des armes ne sera pas transgressé."

Si un jugement de la Cour suprême de 1939 interprétait le deuxième amendement de manière restrictive, estimant que le port d'arme ne devrait être permis qu'au sein d'une milice ou d'une organisation militaire, un certain libéralisme a ramené une interprétation de l'amendement en tant que droit individuel au port d'armes durant les années 1960, époque des luttes pour les droits civils. Chaque année, environ 100.000 personnes sont blessées par arme à feu aux Etats-Unis et plus de 31.500 en meurent, selon des statistiques officielles.

L'article se poursuit après le diaporama

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  • 1981: La tentative d'assassinat de Ronald Reagan

    <blockquote>Le 30 mars 1981, le président Ronald Reagan et trois autres sont victimes d'une tentative d'assassinat perpétré par John Hinckley Jr. à la sortie du Washington Hilton Hotel à Washington. Le responsable presse de Reagan, Jim Brady, est grièvement blessé et restera paralysé. Cet épisode permettra de voter une loi plusieurs années plus tard <em>(voir photo suivante)</em>.</blockquote>

  • 1993: Adoption sous Clinton du "Brady Handgun Violence Act"

    <blockquote>Le "Brady Handgun Violence Act" de 1993, adopté sous la présidence de Bill Clinton, demande une vérification complète des antécédents de toute personne souhaitant acheter une arme à feu chez les revendeurs fédéraux. La loi est baptisée Brady en hommage à James Brady, abattu lors de la tentative d'assassinat du président Reagan.</blockquote>

  • 1994: Adoption sous Clinton du "Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act"

    <blockquote>Signé également par le président Clinton, en 1994, cette loi interdit 19 types de fusils d'assaut, dont les fameux Uzis et AK-47. </blockquote>

  • 2004: Retour sur l'interdiction d'avoir une arme permettant de tirer plus de 10 coups sans reccharger.

    <blockquote>Dix ans après l'adoption de loi, le Congrès autorise à nouveau la détention de chargeurs "à haute capacité". Cette loi interdisait les chargeur permettant de tirer plus de 10 coups sans recharger afin d'obliger les éventuels tireurs à perdre du temps à recharger leur arme. Ce qui laissait le temps à la police d'intervenir, ou aux cibles de fuir.</blockquote>

  • 2007: Le district de Colombia autorise un agent de sécurité à ramener son revolver chez lui

    <blockquote>La Cour d'appel de Colombia autorise Dick Heller, un agent de sécurité, à ramener son arme chez lui. En effet, depuis la loi de 1975, il faut avoir un permis pour détenir une arme à feu dans le district de Colombia, sauf que la ville n’en délivre plus. Seules les personnes ayant obtenu un permis avant cette date sont donc autorisés à avoir une arme à la maison. Le cas de Dick Heller, qui a le droit de détenir une arme dans le cadre de son travail, est donc épineux. Le puissant lobby des armes défend Dick Heller qui finit par obtenir gain de cause. L'affaire sera ensuite portée au niveau de la Cour suprême.</blockquote>

  • 2008: Le "NICS Improvement Amendments Act"

    <blockquote>A la suite de la fusillade mortelle à dans une Université de Virginie, le congrès adopte une législation initiée par Carolyn McCarthy et John Dingel, et signée par George W. Bush, renforçant la loi Brady. En plus du casier judiciaire et autres antécédents concernant des délits, des données médicales individuelles doivent être centralisées afin de ne pas accorder le droit de porter une arme à une personne mentalement instable.</blockquote>

  • 2008: La Cour suprême tranche dans l'affaire Heller

    <blockquote>Dans l'affaire, "Heller contre Colombia", la Cour suprême instaure le droit fondamental à l'autodéfense et confirme que le Deuxième Amendement garantit un droit individuel de posséder une arme à feu non liée au service militaire. Le district de Colombia qui appliquait sa propre législation est donc dans l'illégalité.</blockquote>

  • 2011/2012: Fusillade de Tucson et Trayvon Martin

    <blockquote>Les partisans du contrôle des armes avait bon espoir que les efforts de réforme allaient s'intensifier après les événements tragiques ont récemment secoué le pays. <br>Une fusillade avait eu lieu janvier 2011 à Tucson en Arizona, durant une manifestation de la députée Gabrielle Giffords, tuant 6 personnes et en blessant 13 autres (dont la députée). Une fillette et un juge fédéral faisait partie des victimes. Le tireur a finalement plaidé coupable afin d'échapper à la chaise électrique et a été condamné à perpétuité sans possibilité de libération anticipée.<br> Autre fusillade très médiatisée: l'adolescent Trayvon Martin, un adolescent qui ne portait pas d'arme, a été abattu par George Zimmerman, qui faisait des rondes dans le quartier. En vertu de la loi sur la légitime défense et le droit à l'auto défense, le tueur n'a pas été arrêté ni inculpé. La suspicion d'un crime raciste reste d'actualité et les manifestations pour protester contre ce tueur en liberté se sont multipliées.</blockquote>

  • 2012: Colorado Movie Theater Shooting

    <blockquote>En juillet 2012, un tireur débarque à la séance de minuit du troisième Batman, à Aurora, une petite ville du Colorado. 70 personnes sont blessées et 12 tuées. Le tireur, <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.fr/2012/07/20/james-holmes-tueur-denver-colorado-portrait_n_1690131.html">James Eagan Holmes</a>, portait sur lui plusieurs revolvers et un AR-15, un fusil d'assaut capable de tirer 100 cartouches sans avoir à recharger.</blockquote>

Certains États comme celui de New York ont bien tenté de contrôler le port d'armes, mais la NRA (National Rifle Association), le lobby des armes milite activement pour le Deuxième Amendement ne soit en rien entravé. Avec ses 4,3 millions de membres et ses 202 millions d'euros de dons, il est le lobby le plus puissant des États-Unis depuis une décennie.

Résultat, une arme de gros calibre s'achète en ligne

Même s'il est un peu simpliste de comparer de telles choses, le droit est tel qu'il est, en effet, extrêmement difficile de trouver un fromage au lait cru sur le territoire américain, plus encore lorsqu'il s'agit d'un fromage importé de France. Pour la bonne et simple raison, que ce type de fromages est considéré comme "dangereux pour la santé". De même qu'un simple et inoffensif Kinder Suprise est tout bonnement introuvable dans les supermarchés américains. La raison d'une telle interdiction? Le danger d'étouffement que représentent les jouets contenus dans les célèbres œufs. Il existe pourtant un vrai marché de la contre-bande de Kinder Surprise.

Pire encore, comme le soulève vendredi 14 décembre, le site Thinkprogress.org, il est désormais plus facile pour un américain de s'acheter une arme que de pouvoir accéder aux soins psychiatriques. Ce dernier paradoxe prend tout son sens, alors que l'on commence à mieux connaître la personnalité d'Adam Lanza, l'auteur de la fusillade de Newtown qui était atteint d'une certaine forme d'autisme.

La plupart des meurtres aux États-Unis sont le fait d'armes à feu, il est assez facile de s'en procurer avec un budget de 250 à 500$, l'arme utilisée par Adam coûte elle entre 700 et 1200$. Dans le même temps, l'accès aux services psychiatriques reste inégal, son financement et les besoins des bénéficiaires sont soumis aux caprices des gouvernements de chaque État. Dans le Connecticut, l'État dans lequel a eu lieu la tragédie, seul 1 patient sur 5 souffrant de graves troubles mentaux est pris en charge par le système de santé.

Le débat est loin d'être tranché mais les arguments sont là.

Les photos du drame compilées par nos collègues du HuffPost américain
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  • Connecticut State Police Release Sandy Hook Report

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows the Newtown Tehcnology Team ID of Adam Lanza in the bathroom at the suspect's house on Yogananda St. following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage at Sandy Hook Elementary School, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut . A report was released November 25, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III summarizing the Newtown school shooting that left 20 children and six women dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to the report, a motive behind the shooting by gunman Adam Lanza is still unknown. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Connecticut State Police Release Sandy Hook Report

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows ammunition infrot of a gun safe in the south east bedroom (shooters room) at the suspect's house on Yogananda St. following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage at Sandy Hook Elementary School, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut . A report was released November 25, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III summarizing the Newtown school shooting that left 20 children and six women dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to the report, a motive behind the shooting by gunman Adam Lanza is still unknown. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Connecticut State Police Release Sandy Hook Report

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows a Bushmaster rifle in Room 10 at Sandy Hook Elementary School following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut . A report was released November 25, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III summarizing the Newtown school shooting that left 20 children and six women dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to the report, a motive behind the shooting by gunman Adam Lanza is still unknown. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Connecticut State Police Release Sandy Hook Report

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows firearms and ammunition found on or in close proximity to shooters body at Sandy Hook Elementary School following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut . A report was released November 25, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III summarizing the Newtown school shooting that left 20 children and six women dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School. According to the report, a motive behind the shooting by gunman Adam Lanza is still unknown. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Pro Gun Control Group Hold Memorial On Anniversary Of Sandy Hook School Shooting

    CHICAGO, IL - DECEMBER 14: Shundra Robinson holds a picture of her son Deno Wooldridge, 18, while speaking at a gathering of gun violence victims and gun control advocates at Cornell Square Park on the anniversary of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting December 14, 2013 in Chicago, Illinois. Thirteen people, including a three-year-old boy, were wounded when gunmen opened fire on a crowd gathered at the basketball courts in Cornell Square Park in September. Twenty children and 6 adults were killed when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook School. Wooldridge was shot and killed while standing on his grandmother's porch on October 18, 2010. More than 400 people have been murdered in Chicago so far this year, most by gunfire. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • Second Report On Sandy Hook Shootings Released

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows a rifle in the master bedroom in the suspect's house on Yogananda St. following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage at Sandy Hook Elementary School, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut. A second report was released December 27, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III gave more details of the the Newtown school shooting by Adam Lanza that left 20 children and six women educators dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School after killing his mother at their home. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Second Report On Sandy Hook Shootings Released

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows a Glock 20, 10mm found near the shooter in Room 10 at Sandy Hook Elementary School following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut. A second report was released December 27, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III gave more details of the the Newtown school shooting by Adam Lanza that left 20 children and six women educators dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School after killing his mother at their home. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Second Report On Sandy Hook Shootings Released

    NEWTOWN, CT - UNSPECIFED DATE: In this handout crime scene evidence photo provided by the Connecticut State Police, shows firearms and ammunition found on or in close proximity to shooters body at Sandy Hook Elementary School following the December 14, 2012 shooting rampage, taken on an unspecified date in Newtown, Connecticut. A second report was released December 27, 2013 by Connecticut State Attorney Stephen Sedensky III gave more details of the the Newtown school shooting by Adam Lanza that left 20 children and six women educators dead inside Sandy Hook Elementary School after killing his mother at their home. (Photo by Connecticut State Police via Getty Images)

  • Twenty-seven small U.S. flags adorn a large flag on a makeshift memorial on the side of Highway 84 near the Newtown, Conn., town line as residents mourn victims killed by gunman Adam Lanza, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012. On Friday, authorities say Lanza killed his mother at their home and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • In this photo taken with a fisheye lens, a message honoring the victims that died a day earlier when a gunman opened fire at an elementary hang from a bridge near Hawley Pond, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Mourners carry ornaments to decorate the Christmas trees at one of the makeshift memorials for the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting victims, Monday,Dec. 17, 2012 in Newtown, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)

  • Crayons sit on a table outside of a barbershop a day after a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Crayons sit on a table outside of a barbershop a day after a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Tamara Doherty

    Shop owner Tamara Doherty, paces outside her store just down the road from Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Tamara Doherty, Jackie Gaudet

    Shop owners Tamara Doherty, left, and Jackie Gaudet, right, meet outside their stores for the first time since being neighbors, just down the road from Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Kristin Hoyt

    Kristin Hoyt, 18, of Danbury, Conn., ties a balloon to an overpass up the road from the Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • A Newtown, Conn., resident, who declined to give her name, sits at an intersection holding a sign for passing motorists up the road from the Sandy Hook Elementary School, Saturday, Dec. 15, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. The massacre of 26 children and adults at Sandy Hook Elementary school elicited horror and soul-searching around the world even as it raised more basic questions about why the gunman, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, would have been driven to such a crime and how he chose his victims. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • A snowflake ornament with the name of 6-year-old Noah Pozner hangs on a Christmas tree at a makeshift memorial in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Conn., Monday, Dec. 17, 2012, as the town mourns victims killed in Friday's school shooting. Pozner, who was killed Friday when gunman Adam Lanza opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School, will be buried Monday. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Twenty-seven small U.S. flags adorn a large flag on a makeshift memorial on the side of Highway 84 near the Newtown, Conn., town line as residents mourn victims killed by gunman Adam Lanza, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012. Authorities say Lanza killed his mother at their home and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life, on Friday. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Jamie Duncan, 16, of Newtown, Conn., lights a candle at one of the makeshift memorials for the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting victims, Monday,Dec. 17, 2012 in Newtown, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)

  • A mourner carries a giant Winnie the Pooh stuffed animal to place at one of the makeshift memorials for the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting victims, Monday,Dec. 17, 2012 in Newtown, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)

  • A hearse arrives at B'nai Israel Cemetery with the body of Noah Pozner, a six-year-old killed in an elementary school shooting, during funeral services, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012, in Monroe, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • People arrive at B'nai Israel Cemetery during burial services for Noah Pozner, a six-year-old killed in the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012, in Monroe, Conn. Authorities say gunman Adam Lanza killed his mother at their home on Friday and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children, before taking his own life. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Veronika Pozner

    Veronique Pozner waves to the assembled media as she leaves after a funeral service for her 6-year-old son Noah Pozner, Monday, Dec. 17, 2012, in Fairfield, Conn. Noah Pozner was killed when Adam Lanza walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Twenty seven wooden stand in a yard down the street from the Sandy Hook School December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. Twenty-six people were shot dead, including twenty children, after a gunman identified as Adam Lanza opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School. Lanza also reportedly had committed suicide at the scene. A 28th person, believed to be Nancy Lanza, found dead in a house in town, was also believed to have been shot by Adam Lanza. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Newtown residents Claire Swanson, Kate Suba, Jaden Albrecht, Simran Chand and New London, Connecticut residents Rachel Pullen and her son Landon DeCecco, hold candles at a memorial for victims on the first Sunday following the mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School on December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    U.S. President Barack Obama waits to speak at an interfaith vigil for the shooting victims from Sandy Hook Elementary School on December 16, 2012 at Newtown High School in Newtown, Connecticut. (Photo by Olivier Douliery-Pool/Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Eknoor Kaur, 3, stands with her father Guramril Singh during a candlelight vigil outside Newtown High School before an interfaith vigil with President Barack Obama, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    New London, Connecticut resident Rachel Pullen (C) kisses her son Landon DeCecco at a memorial for victims near the school on the first Sunday following the mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School on December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    US President Barack Obama speaks during a memorial service for the victims and relatives of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. Twenty-six people were killed when a gunman entered Sandy Hook Elementary and began a shooting spree. AFP PHOTO/Mandel NGAN

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    A woman covers her face as US President Barack Obama reads out the names of children killed during Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting at a interfaith memorial for victims and relatives at the Newtown High School on December 16, 2012 in Newtown, Connecticut. Twenty-six people were killed when a gunman entered Sandy Hook Elementary and began a shooting spree. AFP PHOTO/Mandel NGAN

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    A woman pays respects at a memorial outside of St. Rose of Lima Roman Catholic Church, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. On Friday, a gunman allegedly killed his mother at their home and then opened fire inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Residents wait for the start of an interfaith vigil for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012 at Newtown High School in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Cheryl Girardi, of Middletown, Conn., kneels beside 26 teddy bears, each representing a victim of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, at a sidewalk memorial, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children.(AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Connecticut State Police officers respond to a bomb threat outside of St. Rose of Lima Roman Catholic Church, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. Worshippers hurriedly left the church Sunday, not far from where a gunman opened fire Friday inside the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Ava Staiti, 7, of New Milford, Conn., looks up at her mother Emily Staiti, not pictured, while visiting a sidewalk memorial with 26 teddy bears, each representing a victim of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    This photo provided by the family shows Jessica Rekos. Rekos, 6, was killed Friday, Dec. 14, 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School, in Newtown, Conn., killing 26 children and adults at the school, before killing himself. (AP Photo/Courtesy of Rekos Family)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    A U.S. flag flies at half staff outside the Newtown High School before President Barack Obama is scheduled to attend a memorial for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    David Freedman, right, kneels with his son Zachary, 9, both of Newtown, Conn., as they visit a sidewalk memorial for the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting victims, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    A man reacts at the site of a makeshift memorial for school shooting victims in Newtown, Conn., Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012. A gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School in the town, killing 26 people, including 20 children before killing himself on Friday. (AP Photo/Charles Krupa)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    People wait in line to attend an interfaith vigil with President Barack Obama, Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Residents greet each other before the start of an interfaith vigil for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012 at Newtown High School in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into Sandy Hook Elementary School Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Residents greet each other before the start of an interfaith vigil for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, at Newtown High School in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into the school Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. President Barack Obama is to scheduled to speak at the event. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    Residents greet each other before the start of an interfaith vigil for the victims of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting on Sunday, Dec. 16, 2012, at Newtown High School in Newtown, Conn. A gunman walked into the elementary school Friday and opened fire, killing 26 people, including 20 children. President Barack Obama is scheduled to speak during the vigil. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    This image provided by the family shows Grace McDonnell posing for a portrait in this family photo taken Aug. 18, 2012. Grace McDonnell was killed Friday, Dec. 14, 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., killing 26 children and adults at the school. (AP Photo/Courtesy of the McDonnell Family)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    This Nov. 18, 2012 photo provided by John Engel shows Olivia Engel, 6, in Danbury, Conn. Olivia Engel, was killed Friday, Dec. 14, 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School, in Newtown, Conn., killing 26 children and adults at the school. (AP Photo/Engel Family, Tim Nosezo)

  • Emilie Alice Parker

    This 2012 photo provided by the family shows Emilie Alice Parker. Parker was killed Friday, Dec. 14, 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook elementary school in Newtown, Conn., killing 26 children and adults at the school. (AP Photo/Courtesy of the Parker Family)

  • Noah Pozner

    This Nov. 13, 2012 photo provided by the family via The Washington Post shows Noah Pozner. The six-year-old was one of the victims in the Sandy Hook elementary school shooting in Newtown, Conn. on Dec. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Family Photo)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    This handout image provided by ABC News, shows Nancy J. Lanza mother of suspected mass shooter Adam Lanza at an unspecified time and place. Twenty six people were shot dead, including twenty children, after a gunman identified as Adam Lanza opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School. Lanza also reportedly had committed suicide at the scene. A 28th person, believed to be Nancy Lanza was found dead in a house in town, was also believed to have been shot by Adam Lanza. (Family of Nancy Lanza / ABC News / Getty Images)

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20121215/us-school-shooting-victims/?utm_hp_ref=homepage&ir=homepage">Lauren Rousseau, 30,</a> had started a job as a full-time teacher at Sandy Hook Elementary School this fall. She was killed in the Dec. 14 shooting at the school.

  • Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting

    School psychologist Mary Sherlach, 56, was killed during an attempt to stop gunman Adam Lanza during the Dec. 14 mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn. <a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20121215/us-school-shooting-victims/?utm_hp_ref=homepage&ir=homepage">Sherlach and school principal Dawn Hochsprung</a> reportedly both lunged at Lanza in an attempt to protect the school's students and teachers. Both Sherlach and Hochsprung were killed.